Inflammatory processes of the breast, also called mastitis, are, by concept, infections that are installed in the breast tissue. Performing the differential diagnosis between the various types of mastitis can be complicated, especially with the low incidence types. In addition, confusion of diagnosis between infectious processes and breast carcinoma may occur, leading to delayed treatment of breast neoplasia. Recognizing the clinical picture and performing the differential diagnosis between acute mastitis and inflammatory carcinoma are fundamental in patient management (Fig. 1).
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