# Enhancing Productivity and Market Access for Key Staples in the EAC Region: An Economic Analysis of Biophysical and Market Potential

## Abstract

In this chapter, we show how the current crop areas under three key staples—rice, maize, and beans—could be better aligned with the crop suitabilities that are inherent in the East African Community (EAC) region, through some key policy interventions. We take a multi-market model that was constructed for the 5 main countries in the EAC and use it to demonstrate how reducing transport costs, and increasing crop productivities can lead to market-level welfare improvements, as well as a closer alignment between the areas where the crops are cultivated, and the areas with the best agronomic suitability for those crops. At present, a significant proportion of those staples are grown in areas with limited growth potential, but opening up markets in combination with productivity-focused investments can allow countries to make better use of the crop potential they already have, and take advantage of regional market opportunities.

## Supplementary material

## References

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