This chapter orients the reader to the key policy issues and complex trade-offs that decision-makers and managers face when trying to promote agricultural sustainability and good resource management practices, and the types of decision-support tools that they might find useful. The types of analytical approaches that are best-suited for capturing the critical behavioral dimensions of agents at a micro-level or at the more aggregate market-level implications are briefly discussed, and the challenge for dealing with data-scarce environments is also raised. The chapter gives a brief overview of the main sections of the book, and points to the novel empirical applications that highlight the need for robust tools in analyzing agricultural production, market and resource management problems.
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