What Kind of Polity?

  • Tufan Ekici
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Economic History book series (PEHS)


This chapter offers up a number of theoretical approaches, including conceptual vocabulary, which will help in the examination of different governance systems that have emerged in northern Cyprus in post-1974 period. The chapter introduces the notions of de facto and de jure states, their impact on governance regime in the north and questions of international non-recognition of the state in the north. More significantly for the analysis, though, the main political and economic motivations and mechanisms of wealth transfer by those in power, namely, clientelism, rentierism and rent-seeking, are highlighted. These concepts, together with those of colonialism and neo-colonialism, are presented as useful analytics for the whole book, including analysis of the relationship with Turkey.


  1. Beblawi, H., and G. Luciani, eds. 1987. The Rentier State. Beckenham, Kent: Groom Helm.Google Scholar
  2. Hoffmeister, Frank. 2006. Legal Aspects of the Cyprus Problem: Annan Plan and EU Accession, Nijhoff Law Specials. Vol. 67. Leiden and Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Kahveci, H. 2013. Cyprus. In The Palgrave Handbook of Social Democracy in the European Union, ed. J.M. De Waele, F. Escalona, and M. Vieira. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  4. Kitschelt, Herbert. 2000. Linkages Between Citizens and Politicians in Democratic Polities. Comparative Political Studies 33 (6/7): 845–879.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kitschelt, Herbert, and Steven I. Wilkinson. 2007. Patrons, Clients and Politics: Patterns of Democratic Accountability and Political Competition. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Krueger, A.O. 1974. The Political Economy of the Rent Seeking Society. American Economic Review 64 (3): 291–303.Google Scholar
  7. Mahdavy, H. 1970. The Patterns and Problems of Economic Development in Rentier States: The Case of Iran. In Studies in Economic History of the Middle East, ed. M.A. Cook, 428–467. London: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Özersay, Kudret. 2009. Yeni Uluslararasi Mahkeme Kararlari Isiginda Kibris’I Yeniden Okumak [Re-evaluating Cyprus in Light of the New International Court Decisions]. Ankara, Turkey: Imay Yayinevi.Google Scholar
  9. Ozyavuz, Anais, and Dorothee Schmid. 2015. Persistence and Evaluations of the Rentier State Model in Gulf Countries. Note de I’lfri, April.Google Scholar
  10. Pegg, Scott. 1998. International Society and the De Facto State. England: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  11. Piattoni, Simona. 2001. Clientelism in Historical and Comparative Perspective. In Clientelism, Interests, and Democratic Representation: The European Experience in Historical and Comparative Perspective, ed. Simona Piattoni. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Scott, James C. 1977. Political Clientelism: A Bibliographical Essay. In Friends, Followers, and Factions: A Reader in Political Clientelism, ed. Steffen W. Schmidt, Laura Guasti, Carl H. Lande, and James C. Scott. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  13. Shefter, Martin. 1994. Political Parties and the State: The American Historical Experience. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Sonan, Sertac. 2014. In the Grip of Political Clientelism: The Post-1974 Turkish Cypriot Politics and the Politico-Economic Foundations of Pro-Taksim Consensus. Ph.D. Dissertation.Google Scholar
  15. Stokes, Susan C. 2007. Political Clientelism. In The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Politics, ed. Susan C. Stokes and Carles Boix. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  16. The World Bank. 1992. Governance and Development. Washington, DC: World Bank Publications.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Tullock, G. 1989. The Economics of Special Privilege and Rent Seeking. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tufan Ekici
    • 1
  1. 1.William Paterson UniversityWayneUSA

Personalised recommendations