Economic Diplomacy, an Innovative Force of the French–Australian Relationship

  • Paul Soyez
Part of the Studies in Diplomacy and International Relations book series (SID)


Before being strengthened by a strategic and political partnership, the French–Australian bilateral relationship was primarily supported by the economic interests of its business communities. French and Australian commercial ambitions have led the two countries to support their national economic interests in a foreign market by further involving public and private actors. Therefore, the French–Australian relationship has been a blueprint for the development of the economic diplomacies of Paris and Canberra. This chapter critically analyses both Australia’s and France’s definitions and methods of implementation of the concept of economic diplomacy and the positive impact their economic diplomacy approaches have had on their bilateral relationship. Paris and Canberra have been in strong opposition for more than a decade on multilateral agreements pertaining to agricultural trade, France leading the CAP and Australia the Cairns Group. This antagonism has now partly disappeared, and the two countries share a common understanding and aspiration for the regulation of economic globalisation. France’s commitment to support the negotiations of the EU–Australia FTA constitutes a demonstration of France’s engagement in its partnership with Canberra.


  1. Archives Nationales, Pierrefitte, France.Google Scholar
  2. National Archives of Australia, Canberra, Australia.Google Scholar
  3. Badel, L 2006, ‘Pour une histoire de la diplomatie économique de la France’, Revue d’histoire du Vingtième siècle, vol. 2, no. 90, pp. 169–185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bayne, N & Woolcock, S 2011, New Economic Diplomacy, Decision-Making and Negotiation in International Economic Relations, Ashgate, London.Google Scholar
  5. Botterill, L 2003, From Back Jack McEwen to the Cairns Group Reform in Australian Agricultural Policy, Australian National University Center for European Studies, Canberra.Google Scholar
  6. Clark, M & Pietsch, J 2012, ‘Democratisation and Indonesia’s Changing Perceptions of ASEAN and Its Alternatives’, in D Novotny & C Portela (eds), EU–ASEAN Relations in the 21st Century: Strategic Partnership in the Making, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke and New York, pp. 45–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cotton, J & Ravenhill, J 2007, The National Interest in a Global Era, Australia in World Affairs 2001–2005, Oxford University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  8. Dancer, M 2017, ‘La France attire de plus en plus d’investissements étrangers’, La Croix, 23 May, viewed 8 November 2017,
  9. Devin, G 2002, ‘Les diplomaties de la politique étrangère’, in F Chatillon (ed), Politique étrangère, nouveaux regards, Presses de Sciences Po, Paris, pp. 223–225.Google Scholar
  10. Firth, S 2011, Australia in International Politics, Allen & Unwin, Sydney.Google Scholar
  11. Garnaut, R 1989, Australia and the Northeast Asian Ascendancy, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.Google Scholar
  12. Gruen, F & Grattan, M 1993, Managing Government, Labor’s Achievements and Failures, Longman Cheshire, Melbourne.Google Scholar
  13. Kenyon, D & Kunkel, J 2005, ‘Australia and the European Union in the World Trade Organisation: Partners or Adversaries?’, Australian Journal of International Affairs, vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 55–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kessler, MC 1999, La Politique étrangère de la France, Acteurs et processus, Presses de Sciences Po, Paris.Google Scholar
  15. Messerlin, P 2017, ‘Politique commerciale et ‘intérêt national’’, in T de Montbrial & T Gomart (eds), Notre intérêt national, quelle politique étrangère pour la France? Odile Jacob, Paris, pp. 269–281.Google Scholar
  16. Monlouis-Félicité, F 2017, ‘Les grandes entreprises et la politique étrangère française’, in T de Montbrial & T Gomart (eds), Notre intérêt national, quelle politique étrangère pour la France? Odile Jacob, Paris, pp. 255–268.Google Scholar
  17. Murray, P 2013, ‘Problems of Symmetry and Summitry in the EU–Australian Relationship’, in S Lawson (ed), Europe and the Asia-Pacific, Culture, Identity and Representations of Region, Routledge, New York, pp. 66–85.Google Scholar
  18. Murray, P & Benvenuti, A 2014, ‘EU–Australia Relations at Fifty: Reassessing a Troubled Relationship’, Australian Journal of Politics and History, vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 431–448.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Murray, P & Matera, M 2016, ‘Brexit and Australia, the Way Forward’, Pursuit, 2 July, viewed 17 July 2017,
  20. Odell, JS 2000, Negotiating the World Economy, Cornell University Press, Ithaca.Google Scholar
  21. Oliver, A & Shearer, A 2011, Diplomatic Disrespair, Rebuilding Australia’s International Policy Infrastructure, Lowy Institute, Sydney, 2011.Google Scholar
  22. Ravenhill, J & Cotton, J 2007, Trading on Alliance Security, Australia in the World Affairs, 2001–2005, Oxford Press, Oxford.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul Soyez
    • 1
  1. 1.University of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia

Personalised recommendations