Eschatology and the Theory of Apocalypse

  • Maximiliano E. KorstanjeEmail author


This chapter centers on the role of myth-building and myths as the touchstone of culture and society. It deals with the idea that far from being silly stories, myths are a representational archetype that helps society to resolve practical problems or philosophical quandaries. Having said this, one might speculate that the scatology, which is understood as a tradition that narrates the end of the world, has occupied a central position in the industry of cultural entertainment. However, this obsession for the apocalypse theory seems to be proportionally indirect to the scientific studies in the field. This suggests not only the needs of discussing why the human will opposes the desires of Gods (expressed in the prophecy) but also the anxieties an uncertain future wakes up.


Mythology Myth-building process Bottom days Society Culture 


  1. Beck, U. (1992). Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity (Vol. 17). London: Sage.Google Scholar
  2. Berkowitz, P. (2004). Politicizing Reason. Policy Review, 1(127), 89.Google Scholar
  3. Cohn, N. (1996). Upon Whom the Ends of the Ages Have Come. In M. Bull (Ed.), Apocalypse Theory and the End of the World (pp. 33–49). Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  4. Douglas, M. (1967). The Meaning of Myth. With Special Reference to ‘La Geste d’Asdiwal. In E. Leach (Ed.), The Structural Study of Myth and Totemism (pp. 49–69). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  5. Eliade, M. (1959). The Sacred and the Profane: The Nature of Religion (Vol. 144). New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.Google Scholar
  6. Eliade, M. (1998). Myth and Reality. Long Grove: Waveland Press.Google Scholar
  7. Hanen, M., Osler, M., & Weyant, R. (2006). Science, Pseudo-Science and Society. Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Jacobson, G. C. (2008). A Divider, Not a Uniter: George W. Bush and the American People: The 2006 Election and Beyond. New York: Longman Publishing Group.Google Scholar
  9. Joyce, S. (2018). Transmedia Storytelling and the Apocalypse. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Korstanje, M. E. (2016). The Rise of Thana Capitalism and Tourism. Abingdon: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kumar, K. (1996). Apocalypse, Millennium and Utopia Today. In M. Bull (Ed.), Apocalypse Theory and the End of the World (pp. 233–260). Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  12. Lévi-Strauss, C. (1966). The Savage Mind. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  13. Lévi-Strauss, C. (1969). The Raw and the Cooked: Introduction to a Science of Mythology (Vol. 1). New York: Harper & Row.Google Scholar
  14. McGinn, B. (1996). The End of the World and the Beginning of Christendom. In M. Bull (Ed.), Apocalypse Theory and the End of the World (pp. 75–108). Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  15. O’Leary, S. D. (1998). Arguing the Apocalypse: A Theory of Millennial Rhetoric. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Popper, K. (1957). Philosophy of Science. In C. A. Mace (Ed.), British Philosophy in the Mid-Century. London: George Allen and Unwin.Google Scholar
  17. Popper, K. (2013). Realism and the Aim of Science: From the Postscript to the Logic of Scientific Discovery. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  18. Rabkin, E. (1986). Introduction: Why Destroy the World. In E. Rabkin, M. Greenberg, & J. Olander (Eds.), The End of the World (pp. vii–vxv). Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Raglan, L. (1956). The Hero: A Study in Tradition Myth and Drama. Mineola: Dover Publications.Google Scholar
  20. Rank, O. (2013). The Myth of the Birth of Hero: A Psychological Interpretation of Mythology. London: Read Books.Google Scholar
  21. Rickles, D. (2014). History and Mythology. In A Brief History of String Theory (pp. 1–18). Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  22. Stocking, G. W. (1974). The Shaping of American Anthropology 1883–1911. A Franz Boas Reader. New York, Basic Books.Google Scholar
  23. Strauss, W., & Howe, N. (1997). The Fourth Turning: An American Prophecy. New York: Broadway Books.Google Scholar
  24. Walliss, J., & Aston, J. (2011). Doomsday America: The Pessimistic Turn of Post-9/11 Apocalyptic Cinema. The Journal of Religion and Popular Culture, 23(1), 53–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Weisberg, J. (2008). The Bush Tragedy. New York: Random House Incorporated.Google Scholar
  26. Wolfe, G. (1983). The Remaking of Zero: Beginning at the End. In E. Rabkin, M. Greenberg, & J. Olander (Eds.), The End of the World (pp. 1–20). Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of PalermoBuenos AiresArgentina

Personalised recommendations