Harmonious Coexistence with Nature: Naturalistic Education in the Dunhuang Frescoes

  • Song Baoru (宋宝茹)
Part of the Spirituality, Religion, and Education book series (SPRE)


This chapter examines the themes appearing in the Dunhuang frescoes that illustrate the coexistence of humans and nature, their mutual and reciprocal relationships, and the living environment of humanity. Agriculture was the primary livelihood in ancient Chinese society; therefore, the most significant relationship for people was with nature. Often human beings interpret nature through symbolism, as displayed in the colorful and rich Dunhuang paintings. This study seeks insights from the natural world depicted in ancient China in order to reconnect and rekindle our love for and appreciation of nature and our environment as an important part of contemporary education. The purpose is to reverse the trend of human alienation from nature and to prevent the human destruction of nature via aesthetic education and inspiration.


Nature study Naturalistic education Dunhuang 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Song Baoru (宋宝茹)
    • 1
  1. 1.Bowu Educational Consultation IncBeijingChina

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