Physical Rehabilitation of Orthopedic Conditions in Austere Environments

  • Maysa Alnattah
  • James E. GosneyJr.


This chapter addresses the general organization and delivery of physical rehabilitation in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), particularly in natural disaster and human conflict settings. It concentrates on the general physical rehabilitation of common orthopedic injuries and provides an overview of prosthetic and orthotic care. Challenges associated with physical rehabilitation in austere environments conclude the chapter.



We sincerely thank Professor Dr. Taslim Uddin (Chairman, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PMR) Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh) for his review of an earlier version of this chapter.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maysa Alnattah
    • 1
  • James E. GosneyJr.
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada
  2. 2.Sentara Center for Simulation and Immersive Learning, Eastern Virginia Medical SchoolNorfolkUSA

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