Orthopedics in Conflicts and Natural Disasters

  • Paul F. Ley
  • Thamer Ahmed Hamdan
  • Marco Baldan
  • Richard A. GosselinEmail author


Wounded military personnel of national armed forces are managed successfully by military surgeons, according to well-established protocols, along with significant logistic and medical resources. The same is rarely true for civilian victims or the members of less structured armies. In the cross-border and civil wars of the developing world, the distinction between combatants and noncombatants is blurred, and civilian casualties far outnumber military ones. Civilian orthopedic surgical practice in a conflict area is characterized by a lack of resources and a high proportion of ballistic trauma, alongside more conventional wounds.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul F. Ley
    • 1
  • Thamer Ahmed Hamdan
    • 2
  • Marco Baldan
    • 3
  • Richard A. Gosselin
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.ICRC International Committee of the Red CrossGenevaSwitzerland
  2. 2.Department of Orthopedic – University of BasrahBasrah University Teaching HospitalBasrahIraq
  3. 3.Department of HealthInternational Committee of the Red CrossBeirutLebanon
  4. 4.San Francisco General Hospital, Institute for Global Orthopedics and TraumatologySan FranciscoUSA

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