Advertisement

Emerging Orthopedic Conditions

  • Richard A. GosselinEmail author
  • El Hadji Ibrahima Diop
Chapter

Abstract

As populations in developing countries become more wealthy and live longer, the patterns and types of diseases affecting them also change. Musculoskeletal infections, unaddressed pediatric conditions, and injuries remain the most common problems seen today in orthopedic clinics, as they have in the past. However, successful development and better overall nutrition are significantly modifying the incidence, severity, and underlying causes of these orthopedic conditions. This is most evident in the epidemic of road traffic, farming, and industrial injuries in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). These injuries, both fresh and neglected, are addressed elsewhere in this book. The other trend is an increase in those conditions less often seen previously: age- and lifestyle-related problems. These may look superficially like the same conditions encountered in a Western practice, but for many reasons, they present as more severe and more complex problems and take a greater toll on individuals, their families, and health systems.

References

  1. 1.
    Woolf A, Brooks P, Mody GM. Prevention of musculoskeletal conditions in the developing world. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2008;22(4):759–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mody GM, Cardiel MH. Challenges in the management of rheumatoid arthritis in developing countries. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2008;22(4):621–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Handa R, Ali Kalla A, Maalouf G. Osteoporosis in developing countries. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2008;22(4):693–708.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dhanwal DK, Dennison EM, Harvey NC, Cooper C. Epidemiology of hip fracture: worldwide geographic variation. Indian J Orthop. 2011;45(1):15–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Seidell JC. Obesity, insulin resistance and diabetes – a worldwide epidemic. Br J Nutr. 2000;83(Suppl 1):S5–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hu FB. Globalization of diabetes: the role of diet, lifestyle, and genes. Diabetes Care. 2011;34(6):1249–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard A. Gosselin
    • 1
    Email author
  • El Hadji Ibrahima Diop
    • 2
  1. 1.San Francisco General Hospital, Institute for Global Orthopedics and TraumatologySan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.St Christopher IMD – Medical School, Orthopedic Surgery – CAPMEDSt Christopher IMD – Medical School UEINDakarSenegal

Personalised recommendations