Injury is a major cause of death and disability globally. This is true in countries at all economic levels. There is a misperception that injuries are primarily a health problem of high-income countries. However, injury mortality rates are considerably higher in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), as can be seen from Table 2.1 . Globally the rates of death from all types of injury combined are 76/100,000/year. This is lowest in high-income countries (52/100,000), rises in middle-income countries, and is highest in low-income countries (103 deaths/100,000), where rates of death are twice those in high-income countries.
One of the authors is a staff member of the World Health Organization. He and the other authors are responsible for the views expressed in this publication, and they do not necessarily represent the decisions or the stated policy of the World Health Organization.
- 1.World Health Organization. Global burden of disease 2008 data. 2011. Available from http://www.who.int/gho/mortality_burden_disease/global_burden_disease_DTHInc_2008.xls. Accessed 23 May 2012.
- 4.World Health Organization. The burden of musculoskeletal conditions at the start of the new millennium, report of a WHO Scientific Group, WHO Technical Report Series, vol. 919. Geneva: WHO; 2003.Google Scholar
- 7.Peden M, Scurfield R, Sleet D, Mohan D, Hyder A, Jarawan E, Mathers C. World report on road traffic injury prevention. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2004.Google Scholar
- 8.GBD collaborators. Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 333 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Lancet. www.thelancet. 2017;390:1260–344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 9.Murray CJL, Lopez AD, editors. The global burden of disease. Boston: Harvard University Press; 1996.Google Scholar