Some musculoskeletal diseases and conditions are seen almost exclusively in tropical environments. This is due to the tropical climate but also to associated conditions such as poverty, malnutrition, or overcrowding [1, 2]. Although “tropical medicine” is often considered synonymous with “tropical infection,” a broader scope includes all ill effects on health from exposure to a tropical environment. The majority of western surgeons will have had little exposure to most of these conditions during their training.
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