With the growth of their specialty after World War II, orthopedic surgeons have worked to develop, expand, and improve orthopedic care and teaching in resource-poor countries. Nongovernmental and governmental organizations, religious and secular charities, and individuals have played, and continue to play, a role in the developing world, establishing and strengthening training programs and providing service. The primary nature of orthopedic injuries and disease, the significant increase in orthopedic trauma as the world relentlessly develops, and the “can-do” attitudes that shape the profession all point to an increasing involvement of Western surgeons in international work.
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