Militias, Crime, and Conflict

  • Paul Rexton Kan


This chapter examines the ways that militias are key players in illicit trafficking and transnational crime, internal conflicts, and proxy wars. These issues are critical in framing today’s challenges to international peace and stability. Although many militias are formed to counter crime or counter insurgencies, they become enmeshed in activities that spark questions about their legitimacy. In the cases where militias are engaged in vigilantism, these groups often become serious threats to law and order themselves. Through a variety of connections, militias function as facilitators and drivers of many criminal activities and violent conflicts throughout the world.


Organized crime Vigilantism Insurgencies Outside powers 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul Rexton Kan
    • 1
  1. 1.National Security StudiesU.S. Army War CollegeCarlisleUSA

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