Introduction: Local Guardians with International Effects

  • Paul Rexton Kan


The chapter discusses the definition of militias in the context of violent non-state actors with the narrative of self-defense being key to their emergence. The chapter covers the ways paramilitary groups have emerged through history and why they have remained an important component of security. The chapter also discusses how international relations as a discipline has failed to incorporate these important actors into discussions of international security.


Local guardians Violent non-state actors International relations Self-defense International security 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul Rexton Kan
    • 1
  1. 1.National Security StudiesU.S. Army War CollegeCarlisleUSA

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