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Climate Change Adaptation Through Aquaculture: Ecological Considerations and Regulatory Requirements for Tropical Africa

  • Oyediran Olusegun Oyebola
  • Olufunmike Martha Olatunde
Chapter
Part of the Climate Change Management book series (CCM)

Abstract

Aquaculture has been identified to have potentials for adapting climate impacts, and it is being leveraged upon in some developing tropical African countries for food production, employment, food security and poverty eradication. However, it is also vulnerable to climate impacts, linked with certain ecological challenges and competition from anthropogenic factors. This chapter utilized secondary and primary data from various sources to address review questions bordering on the vulnerability of tropical Africa to impact of climate change, potentials of utilizing aquaculture for enhanced climate impact adaptation and food security, aquaculture-related ecological issues and the required management, policy and regulatory actions for its sustainable utilization in this regard. The study revealed that tropical Africa is vulnerable to climate change; aquaculture has viable elements for climate impact adaptation and food security but could contribute to environmental challenges. Aquaculture however has capacity to adjust to the environmental claims, achievable through adequate monitoring, control and surveillance for adherence to ecological considerations. There is the need to specifically formulate policies and provide a strong institutional framework to cater for the nuances of aquaculture, climate impact adaptation and food security. And to ensure for sustenance, it is necessary to strengthen policies and management frameworks with human and financial capacity, within the implementing agencies at local, national and regional levels in tropical Africa.

Keywords

Sustainable ecosystem Food security Fish farming Climate adaptation 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oyediran Olusegun Oyebola
    • 1
  • Olufunmike Martha Olatunde
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Aquaculture and Fisheries ManagementUniversity of IbadanIbadanNigeria

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