This chapter outlines how researchers and policymakers have historically struggled to adequately conceptualise violence, particularly violence in schools. It examines the variety of ways in which violence in schooling is currently defined, and how these definitions influence current approaches to addressing violence in practice. The limitations of existing conceptual frameworks and interventions are briefly discussed and the aims and scope of the book are defined. This chapter begins with an illustrative vignette from a teachers’ meeting in the case-study school (DCX), setting the scene for the more detailed case-study analysis presented in Chaps. 5, 6, and 7. A chapter-by-chapter overview is also provided.
- Ardizzone, L. (2007). Getting My Word Out: Voices of Urban Youth Activists. New York: SUNY Press.Google Scholar
- Barbero, J. M. (2002). La Educación desde la Comunicación. Buenos Aires: Norma.Google Scholar
- Cameron, M. (2006). Managing School Discipline and Implications for School Social Workers: A Review of the Literature. Children & Schools, 28(4), 219–227.Google Scholar
- Council of Europe. (2011). Tackling Violence in Schools: High-Level Expert Meeting Co-organised by the Government of Norway, the Council of Europe and the UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Violence against Children. Resource Document. Retrieved July 20, 2018, from https://rm.coe.int/CoERMPublicCommonSearchServices/DisplayDCTMContent?documentId=090000168046cfcd.
- Elliott, D. S., Hamburg, B. A., & Williams, K. R. (1998). Violence in American Schools. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Freire, P. (1973). Extension or Communication. New York: The Seabury Press.Google Scholar
- Freire, P. (1996). Pedagogy of the Oppressed. London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
- Galtung, J. (1975). Peace: Research, Education, Action. Journal of Peace Research, 12(3), 238–244.Google Scholar
- Galtung, J. (1996). Peace by Peaceful Means: Peace and Conflict, Development and Civilisation. London: Sage.Google Scholar
- Galtung, J. (2013). Positive and Negative Peace. In J. Galtung & D. Fischer (Eds.), Johan Galtung: Pioneer of Peace Research (pp. 173–178). Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
- González, T. (2012). Keeping Kids in Schools: Restorative Justice, Punitive Discipline, and the School to Prison Pipeline. Journal of Law & Education, 41(2), 281–335.Google Scholar
- Gur-Ze’ev, I. (2010). Beyond Peace Education: Toward Co-poiesis and Enduring Improvisation. Policy Futures in Education, 8(3–4), 315–339.Google Scholar
- Hankin, A., Hertz, M., & Simon, T. (2011). Impacts of Metal Detector Use in Schools: Insights from 15 Years of Research. Journal of School Health, 81(2), 100–106.Google Scholar
- Harber, C. (2002). Schooling as Violence: An Exploratory Overview. Educational Review, 54(1), 7–16.Google Scholar
- Hoffman, A. M. (1996). Schools, Violence and Society. London: Praeger.Google Scholar
- Horta, P. (2005). Raízes Educommunicativas: Do conceito a prática. Revista Comunicação e Educação, 7(3), 1–17.Google Scholar
- Hyman, I. A., & Perone, D. C. (1998). The Other Side of School Violence: Educator Policies and Practices that May Contribute to Student Misbehaviour. Journal of School Psychology, 36(1), 7–27.Google Scholar
- Mayer, G. R. (1995). Preventing Antisocial Behaviour in Schools. Journal of Applied Behaviour Analysis, 28(4), 467–478.Google Scholar
- Neill, A. S. (1953). The Free Child. London: Herbert Jenkins.Google Scholar
- Noguera, P. (1995). Preventing and Producing Violence: A Critical Analysis of Responses to School Violence. Harvard Educational Review, 65(2), 189–213.Google Scholar
- Perumean-Chaney, S. E., & Sutton, L. M. (2013). Students and Perceived School Safety: The Impact of School Security Measures. American Journal of Criminal Justice, 38(4), 570–588.Google Scholar
- Phaneuf, S. W. (2009). Security in Schools: Its Effect on Students. El Paso: LBF Scholarly.Google Scholar
- Phillips, T. (2011). Brazil Shooting: 12 Children Killed in School Rampage. The Guardian. Retrieved August 1, 2016, from https://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/apr/07/brazil-shooting-rampage-gunman.
- Ralph, S. (2013). The Archaeology of Violence: Interdisciplinary Approaches. New York: SUNY Press.Google Scholar
- Ross Epp, J. (1996). Schools, Complicity and Sources of Violence. In J. Ross Epp & A. M. Watkinson (Eds.), Systemic Violence: How Schools Hurt Children. London: Falmer Press.Google Scholar
- Rostron, A. (2013). School Shootings and the Legislative Push to Arm Teachers. University of Toledo Law Review, 45(3), 439–456.Google Scholar
- Schostak, J. F. (1986). Schooling the Violent Imagination. London and New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
- Skiba, R. J., & Nesting, K. (2014). Zero Tolerance, Zero Evidence: An Analysis of School Disciplinary Practice. New Directions for Youth Development, 2001(92), 17–43.Google Scholar
- Smith, P. K. (2003). Violence in Schools: The Response in Europe. London: RoutledgeFalmer.Google Scholar
- de Soares, I. O. (2011). Educomunicação: o conceito, o profissional, a aplicação. São Paulo: Paulinas.Google Scholar
- Sposito, M. P. (2001). Um Breve Balanço da Pesquisa Sobre Violência Escolar no Brasil. Educação e Pesquisa, 27(1), 87–103.Google Scholar
- Titchiner, B. M. (2017). The Epistemology of Violence: Understanding the Root Causes of Violence and Non-conducive Social Circumstances in Schooling, with a Case-Study from Brazil. Digital Thesis, University of East Anglia. Retrieved from https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/63644/.
- UNESCO. (2014). Stopping Violence in Schools: A Guide for Teachers. Resource Document. Retrieved July 20, 2018, from http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0018/001841/184162e.pdf.
- Xaba, M. I. (2014). A Holistic Approach to Safety and Security at Schools in South Africa. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 5(20), 1580–1589.Google Scholar