Advertisement

Abkhazia: A View from a de Facto State

  • Maxim Tabachnik
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter presents a case study of national identity conceptualization inside a de facto state, Abkhazia. Abkhazia stands out among other post-Soviet de facto states: Abkhaz ethnic identity and the history of Abkhazian statehood extend back centuries. The case study of the concept of national identity and citizenship politics in the republic from the point of view of ethnic/territorial relationship and from the historical perspective is able to provide a unique insight into the concept of national identity in Georgia as well (namely its historical exceptionalism) and the crucial role of history in national identity and politics in the Caucasus and the PSS in general. Finally, the story of enfranchisement and disenfranchisement of Abkhazia’s own minority group, Mingrelians/Georgians of the Gal region, brings another testimony of the victims of citizenship politics and the tension between ethnic and territorial concepts of nation in the former USSR, where ethnic enclaves abound.

Bibliography

  1. Amirejibi-Mullen, Rusudan. 2011. Language Policy and National Identity in Georgia. Queen Mary University of London.Google Scholar
  2. Chirikba, Viacheslav. 2016. Former Minister of Foreign Affairs. Interview by Maxim Tabachnik. In person. Sukhumi. October 3.Google Scholar
  3. Gumba, Guram. 2016. Historian and Politician. Interview by Maxim Tabachnik. In person. Sukhumi. September 28.Google Scholar
  4. Gunjia, Maxim. 2016. Former Minister of Foreign Affairs, President of International Fun “Apsny.” Interview by Maxim Tabachnik. In person. Sukhumi. September 28.Google Scholar
  5. Gurgulia, Manana. 2016. Abkhazia Inform, Former Head of State News Agency Apsnypress. Interview by Maxim Tabachnik. In person. Sukhumi. September 28.Google Scholar
  6. Hewitt, George. 2016. Professor Emeritus, University of London. Interview by Maxim Tabachnik. By telephone. London. August 31.Google Scholar
  7. Khashig, Inal. 2016. Journalist and Political Scientist. Interview by Maxim Tabachnik. In person. Sukhumi. September 28.Google Scholar
  8. Kuvichko, Aliona. 2016. Public Organizations Resource Center. Interview by Maxim Tabachnik. In person. Sukhumi. September 27.Google Scholar
  9. Kvarchelia, Liana. 2014. Abkhazia: Issues of Citizenship and Security. Centre for Humanitarian Programmes. http://www.saferworld.org.uk/resources/view-resource/807-abkhazia-issues-of-citizenship-and-security.
  10. Kvarchelia, Liana. 2015. Dialogue and Diversity in Abkhazia—Public Opinion Survey. London: Conciliation Resources.Google Scholar
  11. Kvarchelia, Liana. 2016. Centre for Humanitarian Programmes. Interview by Maxim Tabachnik. In person. Sukhumi. September 27.Google Scholar
  12. Lakoba. 2016. StanislavArcheology, Ethnology and History, Abkhazian State University and Former Politician and Statesman. Interview by Maxim Tabachnik. In person. Sukhumi. September 23.Google Scholar
  13. Ó Beacháin, Donnacha. 2016. Elections and Nation-Building in Abkhazia. In Nation-Building and Identity in the Post-Soviet Space: New Tools and Approaches. Rico Isaacs and Abel Polese, eds. Pp. 206–225. London and New York.Google Scholar
  14. Papaskiri, Zurab. 2008. Abkhazia and the Abkhazians in the Common Georgian Etho-Cultural, Political, and State Expanse. The Caucasus and Globalization 2(4): 95–107.Google Scholar
  15. Siddi, Marco. 2012. A Short History of the Georgian-Abkhaz Conflict from Its Origins to the 2008 War. Reflections on Abkhazia. http://www.reflectionsonabkhazia.net/index.php/marco-siddi, accessed October 30, 2016.
  16. Tania, Kan. 2016. Deputy Foreign Minister of Abkhazia. Interview by Maxim Tabachnik. In person. Sukhumi. September 28.Google Scholar
  17. The Realm of the Possible—Finding Ways Forward in the Georgian-Abkhaz Context: People in the Gal/i Region. 2015. London: Conciliation Resources.Google Scholar
  18. Yiftachel, Oren. 2006. Ethnocracy Land and Identity Politics in Israel/Palestine. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.Google Scholar
  19. Гyмбa, Гypaм. 2002. Фopмa и Cyщнocть Haциoнaльнoгo Движeния Aбxaзcкoгo Hapoдa (К Пocтaнoвкe Пpoблeмы). Cyxyм: ГПП « Дoм пeчaти » .Google Scholar
  20. Юнгe, Mapк, Дaниeль Mюллep, Boльфгaнг Фoйepштaйн, and Ивaн Джyxa. 2015. Этнoc и Teppop. In Бoльшeвиcтcкий Пopядoк в Гpyзии. Бoльшoй Teppop в Maлeнькoй Кaвкaзcкoй Pecпyбликe. Mapк Юнгe and Бepндт Бoнвeч, eds. P. 208. Moscow: Deutsches Histrorisches Institut. http://www.hamlet.ru/?id=26983&view=item, accessed December 4, 2016.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maxim Tabachnik
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PoliticsUniversity of California, Santa CruzSanta CruzUSA

Personalised recommendations