Particles or Waves?

  • Wouter Schmitz
Part of the The Frontiers Collection book series (FRONTCOLL)


Quantum mechanics shows the peculiar nature of the world around us. It relates to an ancient discussion: is nature build from particles or waves? Or both? Newton preferred a particle view. He discovered that light consists of different colours, and that these colours can be recombined into white light. He explained this behaviour using a particle view of light, which he described in his publication “Opticks” (1704). He managed to explain reflection and refraction using a particle model. He also discovered the so-called Newton rings, which are an interference phenomenon.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wouter Schmitz
    • 1
  1. 1.AmsterdamThe Netherlands

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