Perioperative and Hypertensive Crisis Management of Pheochromocytomas

  • Becky Thai MuldoonEmail author
  • Kevin F. Brown
  • Diane U. Elegino-Steffens


With its rarity, non-specific symptoms, and paroxysmal nature, pheochromocytomas can be difficult to diagnose without an index of suspicion. It is crucial that pheochromocytomas are recognized early so that appropriate medical and surgical management can be initiated to avoid pheochromocytoma/hypertensive crises due to catecholamine-induced hemodynamic instability causing end-organ damage. With proper preoperative management with alpha-adrenergic blockade and postoperative monitoring and treatment in the critical care setting, perioperative mortality in pheochromocytoma resections has decreased dramatically since the 1950s.


Pheochromocytoma Hypertensive crisis Adrenal adenoma Pheochromocytoma crisis Phenoxybenzamine Alpha-blockade 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Becky Thai Muldoon
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kevin F. Brown
    • 2
  • Diane U. Elegino-Steffens
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medicine, Section of EndocrinologyTripler Army Medical CenterHonoluluUSA
  2. 2.Department of MedicineTripler Army Medical CenterHonoluluUSA

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