Advertisement

Wind Effects on Containers Stability

  • A. BalbiEmail author
  • M. P. Repetto
  • G. Solari
  • A. Freda
  • G. Riotto
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 27)

Abstract

Due to their natural location, ports are very exposed to extreme weather conditions. Considering in particular terminal containers, the piled containers can fall and get damaged under strong wind. This paper describes a wide research activity aimed at the evaluation of wind effects on containers stability. The analytical formulation of stability conditions shows that they depend on three groups of parameters: the local wind field and turbulence parameters, the friction coefficient between the containers surface and the aerodynamic coefficients of piled containers. The friction coefficient has been analysed by means of in situ tests on the piled containers. The aerodynamic coefficients have been studied by means of wind tunnel tests on scaled models. The main results are shown and discussed.

Keywords

Aerodynamic coefficients Containers Seaports Wind tunnel tests 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the VTE management for technical and logistical assistance, with a special thanks to dr. Francesca Meloni and dr. Stefano Mordeglia. This research has been carried out in the framework of the Project “Wind monitoring, simulation and forecasting for the smart management and safety of port, urban and territorial systems”, funded by Compagnia di San Paolo (grant number 2015.0333, ID ROL: 9820) in the period 2016–2018.

References

  1. Balbi A, Repetto MP, Solari G, Freda A, Riotto G (2018) Critical wind velocity for harbor container stability. In: 2018 international conference progress in maritime technology and engineering (martech), pp 301–307Google Scholar
  2. Burlando M, De Gaetano P, Pizzo M, Repetto MP, Solari G, Tizzi M. (2013) Wind climate analysis in complex terrains. J Wind Eng Ind Aerodyn 123:349–362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. CNR (2008) Guide for the assessment of wind actions and effects on structures - CNR-DT 207/2008. National Research Council of Italy, RomaGoogle Scholar
  4. Lam JSL, Liu C, Gou X (2017) Cyclone risk mapping for critical coastal infrastructure: Cases of East Asian seaports. Ocean Coast Manag 141:43–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Repetto MP, Burlando M, Solari G, De Gaetano P, Pizzo M (2017) Integrated tools for improving the resilience of seaports under extreme wind events. Sustain Cities Soc 32:277–294CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Repetto MP, Burlando M, Solari G, De Gaetano P, Pizzo M, Tizzi M (2018) A web-based GIS platform for the safe management and risk assessment of complex structural and infrastructural systems exposed to wind. Adv Eng Softw 117:29–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Solari G, Burlando M, De Gaetano P, Repetto MP (2015) Characteristics of thunderstorms relevant to the wind loading of structures. Wind Struct 20:763–791CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Solari G, Repetto MP, Burlando M, De Gaetano P, Pizzo M, Tizzi M, Parodi M (2012) The wind forecast for safety management of port areas. J Wind Eng Ind Aerodyn 104–106:266–277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Zhang S, Solari G, De Gaetano P, Burlando M, Repetto MP (2018a) A refined analysis of thunderstorm outflow characteristics relevant to the wind loading of structures. Probab Eng Mech 54:9–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Zhang S, Solari G, Yang Q, Repetto MP (2018b) Extreme wind speed distribution in a mixed wind climate. J Wind Eng Ind Aerodyn 176:239–253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Zhen W, Xingqian P, Chunhui Z (2011) Overturning analysis of Harbor Containers based on wind tunnel test of rigid models. In: 2011 international conference on electric technology and civil engineering (ICETCE), pp 544–548. IEEEGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Balbi
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. P. Repetto
    • 1
  • G. Solari
    • 1
  • A. Freda
    • 1
  • G. Riotto
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil, Chemical and Environmental Engineering (DICCA)University of GenoaGenoaItaly

Personalised recommendations