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Hypoxia Mediates Tumor Malignancy and Therapy Resistance

  • Weibo LuoEmail author
  • Yingfei WangEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1136)

Abstract

Hypoxia is a hallmark of the tumor microenvironment and contributes to tumor malignant phenotypes. Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) is a master regulator of intratumoral hypoxia and controls hypoxia-mediated pathological processes in tumors, including angiogenesis, metabolic reprogramming, epigenetic reprogramming, immune evasion, pH homeostasis, cell migration/invasion, stem cell pluripotency, and therapy resistance. In this book chapter, we reviewed the causes and types of intratumoral hypoxia, hypoxia detection methods, and the oncogenic role of HIF in tumorigenesis and chemo- and radio-therapy resistance.

Keywords

Angiogenesis Cell motility Epigenetics HIF Hypoxia Hypoxia imaging Metabolism Stem cell Therapy resistance Tumorigenesis 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Work in authors’ laboratories was supported by grants from NIH (R00CA168746), CPRIT (RR140036), Susan G. Komen® (CCR16376227), Welch Foundation (I-1903-20160319), and American Cancer Society and UTSW Simmons Cancer Center (ACS-IRG-02-196) to W.L.; and NIH (R00NS078049, R35GM124693), Welch Foundation (I-1939-20170325), CPRIT (RP170671), Darrell K Royal Research Fund, TIBIR pilot grant, and UTSW startup funds to Y.W.. W.L. is a CPRIT Scholar in Cancer Research.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PathologyUT Southwestern Medical CenterDallasUSA
  2. 2.Department of PharmacologyUT Southwestern Medical CenterDallasUSA
  3. 3.Department of Neurology and NeurotherapeuticsUT Southwestern Medical CenterDallasUSA

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