The Three Major Experiments in Psychophysiology (Psycholinguistic Experiments) and Their Recourse to Ecolinguistics

  • Stanisław PuppelEmail author
Part of the Second Language Learning and Teaching book series (SLLT)


Throughout its entire course of really vigorous development, psycholinguistics has pursued two lines of scholarly endeavour. Firstly, from its very first days it has always been trying to be experimental in nature. It means that its major assumptions have always been subject to some kind of testing, either in natural or laboratory settings. Secondly, it has followed a theoretical (and somewhat speculative) path, which means that a number of assumptions have been put forth and have been given the right of conduct in psycholinguistics without subsequent experimental work. This has been done in order to provide some kind of leeway which would allow those involved in psycholinguistic research to theorize about the seeming nature of human cognition and language. Both approaches have turned out to be extremely fruitful for the establishment of the identity of psycholinguistics as an autonomous subdiscipline of the study of language.


References to the Section on Wertheimer’s Psychophysical Isomorphism Experiments

  1. Boring, E. G. (1942). Sensation and perception in the history of experimental psychology. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.Google Scholar
  2. Boring, E. G. (1950). A history of experimental psychology (2nd ed.). New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.Google Scholar
  3. Ellis, W. D. (1938). A source book of gestalt psychology. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Koffka, K. (1935). Principles of gestalt psychology. New York: Harcourt, Brace.Google Scholar
  5. Köhler, W. (1929/1947). Gestalt psychology. New York: Liverlight.Google Scholar
  6. Köhler, W. (1940). Dynamics in psychology. New York: Liverlight.Google Scholar
  7. Köhler, W. (1959). Gestalt psychology today. American Psychologist, 14, 727–734.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Sills, D. L., & Johnson, A. (Eds.). (1968). The international encyclopedia of the social sciences. New York: Macmillan and the Free Press.Google Scholar
  9. Wertheimer, M. (1912a). Experimentelle Studien über das Sehen von Bewegung. Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 61, 161–265.Google Scholar
  10. Wertheimer, M. (1912b). Über das Denken der Naturvölker, I: Zahlen and Zahlgebilde. Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 60, 321–378.Google Scholar
  11. Wertheimer, M. (1925). Drei Abhandlungen zur Gestalttheorie. Erlangen: Philosophische Akademie.Google Scholar
  12. Wertheimer, M. (1945/1959). Productive thinking. New York: Harper and Row.Google Scholar

References to Pavlov’s Classical Conditioning Experiments

  1. Babkin, B. P. (1949). Pavlov: A biography. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  2. Dembo, M. H. (1994). Applying educational psychology (5th ed.). White Plains, NY: Longman Publishing Group.Google Scholar
  3. Hothersall, D. (1995). History of psychology. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  4. Morris, C. G., & Maisto, A. A. (1999). Understanding psychology (4th ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  5. Pavlov, I. P. (1927). Conditioned reflexes. London: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

References to the Phoneme Restoration Effect Experiment

  1. Bregman, A. S. (1990). Auditory scene analysis. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Rabiner, L. R., & Juang, B. H. (1999). Fundamentals of speech recognition (2nd ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  3. Warren, R. M. (1970). Perceptual restoration of missing speech sounds. Science, 167, 392–393.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Warren, R. M., Obusek, C. J., & Ackroff, J. M. (1972). Auditory induction: Perception synthesis of absent sounds. Science, 176, 1149–1151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Warren, R. M., & Sherman, G. L. (1974). Phonemic restoration based on subsequent context. Perception and Psychophysics, 16, 150–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Warren, R. M., & Warren, R. P. (1970). Auditory illusions and confusions. Scientific American, 223, 30–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Some Other Psycholinguistic and Ecolinguistic References

  1. Puppel, S. (2001). A concise guide to psycholinguistics. Poznań: Wydawnictwo Poznańskie.Google Scholar
  2. Puppel, S. (2006). Phonological development: A brief survey. In J. Zybert (Ed.), Issues in foreign language learning and teaching (pp. 7–17). Warszawa: Wydawnictwa Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego.Google Scholar
  3. Puppel, S. (2011). The universal natural language preservation mechanism: An ecological approach. In S. Puppel (Ed.), Transkomunikacja. W stronę sprofilowania przestrzeni publicznej jako wielopłaszczyznowej przestrzeni komunikacyjnej (pp. 91–99). Poznań: Katedra Ekokomunikacji UAM/Zakład Graficzny UAM.Google Scholar
  4. Puppel, S. (2012). The human communication orders and the principle of natural language sustainability. Electronic Journal Oikeios Logos, 9, 1–14.Google Scholar
  5. Puppel, S. (2016). A foreign/semblant language—The case of a lean manufacturing of a didactically modified native language. In I. Bielak, T. Popescu, & M. Krawczak (Eds.), Bridges and not walls in the field of philology (pp. 45–55). Piła: Państwowa Wyższa Szkoła Zawodowa w Pile.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Adam Mickiewicz UniversityPoznańPoland

Personalised recommendations