Psychosomatic Medicine in Egypt and North Africa: Development, Research, Education and Practice

  • Tarek A. Okasha


This chapter will review the development of psychosomatic medicine in Egypt and North Africa.

The majority of our psychiatric patients (80–90%) are not aware that their somatic symptoms can be secondary to a psychiatric disorder. Therefore, their first encounter is usually either with primary care physicians or with traditional or religious healers depending on attributing factors.

Research is very limited in the field of psychosomatic medicine in Egypt and North Africa.

The presentation of somatic symptoms in different psychiatric disorders such as depression, schizophrenia and obsessive compulsive disorder will be discussed. Also, the methods of education of psychiatry to under graduates Emphasis in education is made on the somatic presentations of psychiatric disorders are discussed using terms such as unexplained somatic symptoms or somatic symptoms in psychiatric disorders and given a high priority in the curriculum. The aim is for medical students to be able to pick up these disorders and initiate treatment and refer when necessary.


Egypt North Africa Psychosomatic Somatic presentations Psychiatric education 

Supplementary material


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Tarek A. Okasha
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams UniversityCairoEgypt

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