English in Japan in an Era of Global Uncertainty
A starting point for most recent educational policy and pedagogic practice concerning the teaching of English in Japan has been the language’s status as the pre-eminent channel for international communication throughout the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. The general context that began with the Nakasone policies of the 1980s has continued as an underpinning ideology for much of the educational agenda towards the language ever since. A great deal has changed in geopolitics since the 1980s, however, and this change has been especially acute in the last few years. This chapter explores the changing context of English in Japan as the background against which innovative and engaging pedagogy for the language now needs to exist.
KeywordsInternational lingua franca Global language ELT
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