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Impact of Nanomaterials in Plant Systems

  • Rishabh Anand Omar
  • Shagufta Afreen
  • Neetu Talreja
  • Divya Chauhan
  • Mohammad Ashfaq
Chapter
Part of the Nanotechnology in the Life Sciences book series (NALIS)

Abstract

Nano-sized materials have been developed to exhibit novel characteristics, such as high surface area, morphology, tunable pore size, and high reactivity, compared with the characteristics of bulky materials. Nanomaterials exhibit various properties, including properties as herbicides, pesticides, antibacterials, and fertilizers, that target specific sites in plants and microbial systems.

Nanomaterials alleviate abiotic stress-induced damage through activating plant defense systems. Small-sized nanomaterials facilitate the easy penetration of water and regulate water channels that assist in seed germination and the growth of plants. Moreover, their improved surface area facilitates adsorption and the targeted delivery of substances. Future research addressing the scalability, economics, and safety of these systems is likely to overcome many of the current limitations and create opportunities to revolutionize drinking water treatment.

Keywords

Nanomaterials Nanofertilizers Crop plants Nanopesticides Phytotoxicity Fullerene 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rishabh Anand Omar
    • 1
  • Shagufta Afreen
    • 2
  • Neetu Talreja
    • 3
  • Divya Chauhan
    • 4
  • Mohammad Ashfaq
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Centre for Environmental Science and EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology KanpurKanpurIndia
  2. 2.CAS Key Laboratory of Bio-based materials, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, PR ChinaQingdaoChina
  3. 3.Department of Bio-nanotechnologyGachon UniversitySeongnamSouth Korea
  4. 4.Department of ChemistryPunjab UniversityChandigarhIndia
  5. 5.School of Life ScienceBS Abdur Rahaman Institute of Science and TechnologyChennaiIndia
  6. 6.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringChulalongkorn UniversityBangkokThailand

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