Advertisement

Amla (Emblica officinalis L.) Oil

  • Monika Choudhary
  • Kiran Grover
Chapter

Abstract

Amla (Emblica officinalis L.), the native of India belongs to Euphorbiaceae family and is widely distributed in other tropical countries of Asia such as China, Indonesia and Malaysia.

Amla is considered as nature’s blessing to the mankind due to its nutritional components and various nutraceutical properties which have been well documented in conventional medication system. The amla fruit having greenish-yellow color tastes sour with an intriguing sweet flavor. Owing to its nutritional components such as vitamin C, minerals, polyphenols including ellagitannins (tannins), flavonoids, ellagic acid and other phytochemicals, amla has numerous pharmacological and therapeutic properties viz. Analgesic, adaptogenic, anticancer, cardio protective and gastro protective. Besides, amla seeds are comprised of a significant quantity of essential fatty acid viz. Linolenic acid and linoleic acid. The antibacterial activity of essential oils of amla has also been well documented in the literature and amla oil has been used for centuries in medicine world for its external applications; for instance nourishing hair and scalp.

Keywords

Active compounds Essential oils Functional properties 

Abbreviations

MUFA

Monounsaturated fatty acid

PUFA

Polyunsaturated fatty acid

SFA

Saturated fatty acid

References

  1. Adeleye, I. A., Omadime, M. E., & Daniels, F. V. (2011). Antimicrobial activity of essential oil and extracts of Gonronema latifolium decne on bacterial isolates from blood stream of HIV infected patients. Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology, 6(3), 312–320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Amir, D. E., AbouZid, S. F., Hetta, M. H., Shahat, A. A., & El-Shanawany, M. A. (2014). Composition of the essential oil of the fruits of Phyllanthus emblica cultivated in Egypt. Journal of Pharmaceutical, Chemical and Biological Sciences, 2(3), 202–207.Google Scholar
  3. Arora, A., Kumar, I., Sen, R., & Singh, J. (2011). Emblica officinalis (amla): Physico-chemical and fatty acid analysis from arid zone of Rajasthan. International Journal of Basic and Applied Chemical Sciences, 1(1), 89–92.Google Scholar
  4. Asghari, G., Jalali, M., & Sadoughi, E. (2012). Antimicrobial activity and chemical composition of essential oil from the seeds of Artemisia aucheri Boiss. Journal of Natural Pharmaceutical Products, 6(2), 11–15.Google Scholar
  5. Baratta, M. T., Dorman, H. J., Deans, S. G., Figueiredo, A. C., Barroso, J. G., & Rubert, G. (1998). Antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of some commercial essential oils. Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 13, 235–244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dasaroju, S., & Gottumukkala, K. M. (2014). Current trends in the research of Emblica officinalis (Amla): A pharmacological perspective. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research, 24(2), 150–159.Google Scholar
  7. Gautam, S., Dwivedi, S., Dubey, K., & Joshi, H. (2012). Formulation and evaluation of herbal hair oil. International Journal of Chemical Sciences, 10(1), 349–353.Google Scholar
  8. Hiremath, S. R. R. (2007). Textbook of industrial pharmacy (1st ed., pp. 99–102). Hyderabad: Orient Longaman Pvt. Ltd..Google Scholar
  9. Indian Medicinal Plants (1997) A compendium of 500 species part 3 (pp. 256–263). New Delhi: Orient Longman Publications.Google Scholar
  10. Krishnaveni, M., & Mirunalini, S. (2010). Therapeutic potential of Phyllanthus emblica (amla): The ayurvedic wonder. Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology, 21, 93–105.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Kumar, N., Rungseevijitprapa, W., Narkkhong, N., Suttajit, M., & Chaiyasuta, C. H. (2012). 5α-reductase inhibition and hair growth promotion of some Thai plants traditionally used for hair treatment. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 139, 765–771.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Lalitharani, S., Mohan, V. R., Regini, G. S., & Kalidass, C. (2009). GC-MS of ethanolic extract of Pothos scandens L. leaf. Journal of Herbal Medicine and Toxicology, 3, 159–160.Google Scholar
  13. Lee, K. W., & Lip, G. Y. H. (2003). The role of omega-3 fatty acids in the secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. The Quarterly Journal of Medicine, 96, 465–480.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Liu, X., Cui, C., Zhao, M., Wang, J., Luo, W., Yang, B., & Jiang, Y. (2008). Identification of phenolics in the fruit of emblica (Phyllanthus emblica L.) and their antioxidant activities. Food Chemistry, 109, 909–915.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Liu, X., Zhao, M., Luo, W., Yang, B., & Jiang, Y. (2009). Identification of volatile components in Phyllanthus emblica L. and their antimicrobial activity. Journal of Medicinal Food, 12(2), 423–428.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Maruthupandian, A., & Mohan, V. R. (2011). GC-MS analysis of ethanol extracts of Wattakaka volubilis (L.F) Stapf. leaf. International Journal of Phytomedicine, 3(1), 59–62.Google Scholar
  17. Mishra, P., & Mahanta, C. L. (2014). Comparative analysis of functional and nutritive values of amla (Emblica officinalis) fruit, seed and seed coat powder. American Journal of Food Technology, 9(3), 151–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Mithal, B. M., & Shah, R. N. (2000). A hand book of cosmetics (1st ed., pp. 141–142). Delhi: Vallabh Prakashan.Google Scholar
  19. Pathak, R. K., Pandey, D., Haseeb, M., & Tandon, D. K. (2003). The anola. India: Bulletin CISH Lucknow.Google Scholar
  20. Salehi, P., Sonboli, A., Eftekhar, F., Nejad- Ebrahimi, S., & Yousefzadi, M. (2005). Essential oil composition, antibacterial and antioxidant activity of the oil and various extracts of Ziziphora clinopodioidies. Iranian Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 28, 1892–1896.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Sanju, N., Arun, N., & Roop, K. K. (2006). Cosmetic technology (1st ed., pp. 379–382). Delhi: Birla Publications Pvt. Ltd.Google Scholar
  22. Santoshkumar, J., Manjunath, S., & Pranavkumar, M. S. (2013). A study of antihyperlipidemia, hypolipedimic and anti-atherogenic activity of fruit of Emblica officinalis (amla) in high fat fed Albino rats. International Journal of Medical Research and Health Sciences, 2(1), 70–77.Google Scholar
  23. Saxena, R., & Patil, P. (2014). In vitro antibacterial activity of Emblica officinalis essential oil against Staphylococcus aureus. International Journal of Theoretical and Applied Sciences, 6(2), 7–9.Google Scholar
  24. Sharma, S. K., Perianayagam, J. B., Joseph, A., & Christina, A. J. (2004). Evaluation of anti-pyretic and analgesic activity of Emblica officinalis Gaertn. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 95, 83–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Sievert, D. M., Boulton, M. L., Stoltman, G., Johnson, D., Stobierski, M. G., Downes, F. P., Somsel, P. A., & Rudrik, J. T. (2002). Staphylococcus aureus resistant to vancomycin. US MMWR, 51, 565–567.Google Scholar
  26. Singh, V., Singh, H. K., & Chopra, C. S. (2005). Studies on processing of aonla (phyllanthus emblica Garten.) fruits. Beverage and Food World, 32, 3–54.Google Scholar
  27. Vasant, B. S., Bhaskarrao, D. A., & Bhanudas, S. R. (2013). Emblica officinalis- the wonder of ayurvedic medicine. World Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 3(1), 285–306.Google Scholar
  28. Vyas, P., & Patil, S. (2011). Antimicrobial activity of essential oils against multidrug resistant enterobacterial pathogens. Trends in Biosciences, 4(1), 23–24.Google Scholar
  29. Wang, S.-p., Yuan, M. A., Wang, S.-h., & Chen, F. (2009). Analysis of chemical composition of volatile oil of Phyllanthus emblica L. from Sichuan by GC-MS [J]. West China Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 3, 1–27.Google Scholar
  30. Yokozawa, T., Kim, H. Y., Kim, H. J., Tanaka, T., Sugino, H., Okubo, T., Chu, D., & Juneja, L. R. (2007). Amla (Emblica officinalisGaertn.) attenuates age-related renal dysfunction by oxidative stress. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 55, 7744–7752.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Zhang, L. Z., Zhao, W. H., Gua, Y. J., Tu, G. Z., Lin, S., & Xin, L. G. (2003). Studies on chemical constituents in fruits of Tibetan medicine Phyllanthus emblica. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi, 28, 940–943.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Monika Choudhary
    • 1
  • Kiran Grover
    • 2
  1. 1.Punjab Agricultural UniversityLudhianaIndia
  2. 2.Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Home SciencePunjab Agricultural UniversityLudhianaIndia

Personalised recommendations