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Pear (Pyrus communis) Seed Oil

  • Muhammad Mushtaq
  • Sumia Akram
  • Saira Ishaq
  • Ahmad Adnan
Chapter

Abstract

The pear (Pyrus communis) fruit offers a wide range of health benefits against macular degeneration, type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis, inflammatory problems and skin infections owing to the presence of phenolics, fibers, vitamins, boron, and other micro-nutrients. The pear fruit like many others of Rosaceae family contains an exceptionally small quantity of seeds (about ten tiny seeds per fruit) which can furnish 15–31% oleaginous attributes. The most fascinating oleaginous compounds in pear seed oil include unsaturated fatty acids, tocochromanols, and phytosterols. Out of pear seed oil fatty acids, linoleic acid (C18:2) level was found to be higher than most of the frequently used edible oils. Moreover, the presence of γ-tocopherol at an elevated level recommends that pear seed oil can inhibit human cancer progression and cell proliferation. The aroma compounds in pear seeds or their essential oil have not be explored yet but those compounds may provide phytonutrients of high therapautric and industrial importance. This chapter provides a comprehensive review of the nutritional composition of pear seed oil, the key bioactives responsible for its health benefits and organoleptic properties.

Keywords

Pyrus communis seed oil Fatty acids Tocochromanols Minor bioactive 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Mushtaq
    • 1
  • Sumia Akram
    • 2
  • Saira Ishaq
    • 1
  • Ahmad Adnan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryGovernment College UniversityLahorePakistan
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryMinhaj UniversityLahorePakistan

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