Date (Phoenix dactylifera L.) Seed Oil
The date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) production is the principal activity and the source of life of peoples of arid and semiarid regions of the world. The production of dates is increasing every season, but losses during harvesting and postharvest handling and marketing are also high due to the incidence of physical and physiological disorders and pathological diseases and to insect infestation. In addition, there is an expansion of exportation of pitted dates. In consequence, a big biomass of date seed is produced. This biomass presents a problem to the station of conditioning of dates. Actually, date seeds are used in animal feeding or in making non-caffeinated coffee. However, date seeds can be used for many others applications such as the production of oil. In fact, date seeds contain 10–12% of the oil. This later could be used in cosmetic, pharmaceutical and food products.
KeywordsPhoenix dactylifera Date seed Lipids Date palm Transformation
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