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Rosehip (Rosa canina L.) Oil

  • Mustafa Kiralan
  • Gurcan Yildirim
Chapter

Abstract

Rosehip (Rosa canina L.), is a member of Rosaceae family. The seeds of Rosa canina contain approximately 15% crude oil. Different extraction techniques are widely used to extract the oils from the seeds. The traditional extraction techniques are classified into two fundamental classes: (I) pressing and (II) solvent extraction method. The modern extraction techniques such as ultrasound, microwave, sub- and supercritical fluid extraction are the other useful methods to extract the oil from rosehip seeds. Rosehip oil is considered a valuable oil because the oil contains essential fatty acids, tocopherols, sterols and phenolics with functional properties. Major essential fatty acids are linoleic, linolenic and oleic acids. Additionally, β-sitosterol is the predominant phytosterol compound. A γ-Tocopherol isomer of tocols is the most abundant in rosehip seed oil. The anti-cancer effect takes the first place among the several health-promoting effects of rosehip oil. Moreover, the rosehip oil is generally preferred to use in cosmetics because of its therapeutic effect on skin disorders.

Keywords

Bioactive compounds Functional properties Anti-cancer Cosmetics 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mustafa Kiralan
    • 1
  • Gurcan Yildirim
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering, Department of Food EngineeringBalıkesir UniversityBalıkesirTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringAbant Izzet Baysal UniversityBoluTurkey

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