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Pomegranate (Punica granatum) Seed Oil

  • Sarfaraz Ahmed Mahesar
  • Abdul Hameed Kori
  • Syed Tufail Hussain Sherazi
  • Aftab Ahmed Kandhro
  • Zahid Husain Laghari
Chapter

Abstract

Pomegranate is an earliest and holy fruit affectionately known as the “jewel of winter” belongs to the Punicaceae family. Throughout the world, ~500 known pomegranate varieties available which reveal different quality characteristics of fruit such as size, shape, color, flavor and taste and seed hardness. The pomegranate seeds contain approximately 3% of total fruit weight, which contains typically oil in the range of 12–20%. Conjugated fatty acids are present in many plant oils with varying concentrations including pomegranate seed oil. Conjugated fatty acids are the geometric and positional isomers of polyunsaturated fatty acids with alternate double bonds. These fatty acids received remarkable interest due to valuable physiological effects on various diseases. The pomegranate seed oil contains higher concentration (>70%) of conjugated fatty acids in the form of punicic acid (9cis, 11trans, 13cis-conjugated linolenic acid). In the present chapter, chemistry and functionality of pomegranate fruit and seed oil especially conjugated fatty acids are reviewed.

Keywords

Conjugated fatty acids Ellagic acid Tocols Seed oil Conjugated fatty acid Punicic acid 

Abbreviations

CLA

Conjugated linoleic acid

CLNA

Conjugated linolenic acid

E. coli

Escherichia coli

EA

Ellagic acid

ED

Erectile dysfunction

ETs

Ellagitannins

LDL

Low density lipid

NO

Nitric oxide

PA

Punicic acid

PFLE

Pomegranate flower leaf extract

PJ

Pomegranate juice

PPAR

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor

UV

Ultraviolet

α-EA

Ellagic acid

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarfaraz Ahmed Mahesar
    • 1
  • Abdul Hameed Kori
    • 1
  • Syed Tufail Hussain Sherazi
    • 1
  • Aftab Ahmed Kandhro
    • 2
  • Zahid Husain Laghari
    • 1
  1. 1.National Centre of Excellence in Analytical ChemistryUniversity of SindhJamshoroPakistan
  2. 2.Dr. M.A. Kazi Institute of ChemistryUniversity of SindhJamshoroPakistan

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