Advertisement

Pongamia pinnata Seed Oil

  • K. Thirugnanasambandham
Chapter

Abstract

Indian Beech tree (Botanical Name: Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre) is a deciduous legume that grows up to about 50–80 feet tall and is native to subtropical regions like India. Being a legume, it fixes nitrogen into the soil and is often used as a windbreak between fields on farms. It has a wide spreading canopy making and fragrant flowers making it ideal for ornamental shade applications. The oil obtained from Pongamia pinnata seed is non-edible due to bitter tasting flavonoids. The plant has pharmaceutical uses but is not poisonous to the touch like jatropha. It is insect resistant and there is mention of using the press cake as both insecticide and chicken feed. Due to the large availability of Pongamia pinnata seed in India, in this present study, an attempt was made to investigate the ultrasound-assisted extraction process to extract the oil from Pongamia pinnata seed under various operating conditions such as solvent to sample ratio, sonication time, temperature. Three factors, three-level central composite design (CCD) coupled with desired function methodology was used to optimize and model the extraction process. Optimum extracting conditions for the maximum oil yield were determined using numerical optimization technique. Under these conditions, 72% of oil was extracted. Results confirmed that sonication is efficient method to extract the oil from Pongamia pinnata seed.

Keywords

Pongamia pinnata Seed oil Extraction Ultrasound Modeling Optimization 

References

  1. Ahmad, S., Ashraf, S. M., & Naqvi, F. (2003). A polyesteramide from Pongamia glabra oil for biologically safe anticorrosive coating. Progress in Organic Coating, 47, 95–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ahmad, G., Yadav, P. P., & Maurya, R. (2004). Furanoflavonoid glycosides from Pongamia pinnata fruits. Phytochemistry, 65, 921–924.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ansari, S. A., Singh, S., & Rani, A. (2004). Inorganic salts influence IAA ionization and adventitious rhizogenesis in Pongamia pinnata. Journal of Plant Physiology, 161, 117–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Azam, M. M., Waris, A., & Nahar, N. M. (2005). Prospects and potential of fatty acid methyl esters of some non-traditional seed oils for use as biodiesel in India. Biomass and Bioenergy, 29, 293–302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ballal, M. (2005). Screening of medicinal plants used in rural folk medicine for treatment of diarrhea. Internet: http://www.pharmoinfo.net.
  6. Bandivdekar, A. H., & Moodbidri, S. B. (2002). Spermicidal activity of seed oil of Pongamia glabra. Archives of Andrology, 48, 9–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Baswa, M., Rath, C. C., Dash, S. K., & Mishra, R. K. (2001). Antibacterial activity of Karanja (Pongamia pinnata) and neem (Azadirachta indica) seed oil: A preliminary report. Microbios, 105, 183–189.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Brijesh, S., Daswani, P. G., & Tetali, P. (2006). Studies on Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre leaves: Understanding the mechanism(s) of action in infectious diarrhea. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 7, 665–674.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Carcache Blanco, E. J., Kang, Y. H., Park, E. J., Su, B. N., Kardono, L. B. S., Riswan, S., Fong, H. H. S., Pezzuto, J. M., & Kinghorn, A. D. (2003). Constituents of the stem bark of Pongamia pinnata with the potential to induce quinine reductase. Journal of Natural Products, 66, 1197–1202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Chauhan, D., & Chauhan, J. S. (2002). Flavonoid glycosides from Pongamia pinnata. Pharmaceutical Biology, 40, 171–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Elanchezhiyan, M., Rajarajan, S., & Rajendran, P. (1993). Antiviral properties of the seed extract of an Indian medicinal plant, Pongamia pinnata Linn., against herpes simplex viruses: In-vitro studies on Vero cells. Journal of Medical Microbiology, 38, 262–264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Essa, M. M., & Subramanian, P. (2006). Pongamia pinnata modulates the oxidant-antioxidant imbalance in ammonium chloride-induced hyperammonemic rats. Fundamental and Clinical Pharmacology, 20, 299–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Karmee, S. J., & Chadha, A. (2005). Preparation of biodiesel from crude oil of Pongamia pinnata. Bioresource Technology, 96, 1425–1429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Karoshi, V. R., & Hegde, G. V. (2002). Vegetative propagation of Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre: Hitherto a neglected species. Indian Forester, 128, 348–350.Google Scholar
  15. Meera, B., Kumar, S., & Kalidhar, S. B. (2003). A review of the chemistry and biological activity of Pongamia pinnata. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Science, 25, 441–465.Google Scholar
  16. Meher, L. C., Vidya, S. D., & Naik, S. N. (2006). Optimization of alkali-catalyzed transesterification of Pongamia pinnata oil for production of biodiesel. Bioresource Technology, 97, 1392–1397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Muthu, C., Ayyanar, M., & Raja, N. (2006). Medicinal plants used by traditional healers in Kancheepuram district of Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 2, 43–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Naik, M., Meher, L. C., Naik, S. N., & Dasa, L. M. (2008). Production of biodiesel from high free fatty acid Karanja (Pongamia pinnata) oil. Biomass and Bioenergy, 32, 354–357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Prabha, T., Dora, M., & Priyambada, S. (2003). Evaluation of Pongamia pinnata root extract on gastric ulcers and mucosal offensive and defensive factors in rats. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology, 41, 304–310.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Prakash Maran, J., Sivakumar, V., Sridhar, R., & Thiruganasambandham, K. (2013). Artificial neural network and response surface methodology modeling in mass transfer parameters predictions during osmotic dehydration of Carcia papaya L. Alexandria Engineering Journal, 52, 507–516.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Ran, W., Hai, N., Lv, Y., & Jiang, P. (2018). Anti-inflammatory flavone and chalcone derivatives from the roots of Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre. Phytochemistry, 149, 56–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Sahu, B., Sahu, A. K., Thomas, V., & Naithani, S. C. (2017). Reactive oxygen species, lipid peroxidation, protein oxidation and antioxidative enzymes in dehydrating Karanj (Pongamia pinnata) seeds during storage. South African Journal of Botany, 112, 383–390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Salamatinia, B., Mootabadi, H., Bhatia, S., & Abdullah, A. Z. (2010). Optimization of ultrasonic-assisted heterogeneous biodiesel production from palm oil: A response surface methodology approach. Fuel Processing Technology, 91, 441–448.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Singh, K. P., Dhakre, G., & Chauhan, S. V. S. (2005). Effect of mechanical and chemical treatments on seed germination in Pongamia glabra L. Seed Research, 33, 169–171.Google Scholar
  25. Srinivasan, K., Muruganandan, S., Lal, J., Chandra, S., Tandan, S. K., & Raviprakash, V. (2001). Evaluation of anti-inflammatory activity of Pongamia pinnata leaves in rats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 78, 151–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Thirugananasambandham, K., & Sivakumar, V. (2015). Eco-friendly approach of copper (II) ion adsorption on to cotton seed cake and its characterization: Simulation and validation. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 50, 198–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Thirugnanasambandham
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryECETCoimbatoreIndia

Personalised recommendations