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Goldenberry (Physalis peruviana) Oil

  • Mohamed Fawzy Ramadan
  • Jörg-Thomas Mörsel
Chapter

Abstract

Non-traditional fruits play an important role in human nutrition as an excellent source of bioactive phytochemicals. Highly valued for its unique flavor, texture and color, recent research had shown Physalis peruviana to be rich in lipid active compounds. Total lipids in the whole berry were 2.0%. In P. peruviana oil, linoleic and oleic were the main unsaturated fatty acids, while palmitic and stearic acids were the major saturates. Neutral lipids comprised more than 95% of total lipids in whole berry oil. Triacylglycerols were the predominant lipid class and constituted about 81% of total neutral lipids in the whole berry oil. The oil is also rich in phytosterols and tocopherols. Campesterol and β-sitosterol were the main sterols, while β- and γ-tocopherols were the main components in whole P. peruviana berry oil. β-Carotene and vitamin K1 were also measured in high levels in P. peruviana pulp/peel oil. This chapter provides a valuable source for current knowledge on bioactive lipids in P. peruviana.

Keywords

Cape gooseberry Seed oil Pulp/peel oil Phytosterols Tocopherols β-carotene Vitamin K1 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed Fawzy Ramadan
    • 1
  • Jörg-Thomas Mörsel
    • 2
  1. 1.Agricultural Biochemistry Department, Faculty of AgricultureZagazig UniversityZagazigEgypt
  2. 2.UBF-Untersuchungs-, Beratungs-, Forschungslaboratorium GmbHAltlandsberg, BerlinGermany

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