The Evolution of Demographic Changes in Greek Society and Proposed Administrative Management Model

  • George Pierrakos
  • Evangelia Maritsa
  • Charalampos Platis
  • Dimitra Latsou
  • Sotiris Soulis
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics book series (SPBE)


The nature of family has changed over time creating new trends, that run through all the European countries. Within this framework the four main trends associated with the family are late marriage, postponement of childbirth, involvement of men in care activities and economic independence of women, which can be formulated in a family policy pattern. Τhe Greek society and economy in the current context of fiscal consolidation addresses the consequences of a demographic switch, the most determinant of which is the decline in birth rates, the ageing population and a social protection system under risk. The aim of this study is to portray the current demographic switch in Greece, the risk faced by the family as the structural element of demographic policy and to suggest community-based interventions in order to empower family and strengthen demographic policy. Although, the search was not exhaustive, it is hoped that it contributes as a comprehensive resource in the demographic evolution research. The literature review was conducted in PubMed, Cochrane library and Scopus in April–May 2018. Also, data were obtained and elaborated from the Eurostat and OECD databases, and Hellenic Statistical Authority as well. The study highlighted the urgent need of maternity protection, and work-life balance as essentials to increase birth rates, to sustain the social protection system, to acknowledge the key role of local community, to promote gender equality at work, promote decent work for both genders, primarily for the groups of people in need.


Birth rates Economic crisis Childcare services Family-friendly policies 



This study has been done within the framework of the Postgraduate Health and Social Care Management programme of West Attica University social policy Division.


  1. 1.
    Balourdos D (1997) Demographic transition and demographic problem of Greece: theoretical and methodological concerns. Soc Res Rev 94:3–44 (in Greek)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sobotka T (2004) Is lowest-low fertility in Europe explained by the postponement of childbearing? Popul Dev Rev 3:195–220. Scholar
  3. 3.
    Eurostat (2018) Statistics explained, fertility statistics.
  4. 4.
    Lesthaeghe R, Permanyer I (2014) European sub-replacement fertility: trapped or recovering? Population studies center research report 14-822. University of MichiganGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Soulis S (2015) Applied social policy: planning social protection services. Papazisis, AthensGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kangas O, Rostgaard T (2007) Preferences or Institutions? Work family life opportunities in seven European countries. J Eur Soc Policy 17:240–256. Scholar
  7. 7.
    Eurostat (2015) People in the EU: who we are and how do we live? Publication Office of the European Union, LuxemburgGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Thevenon O, Neyer G (2014) Family policies and diversity in Europe: the state-of-the-art regarding fertility, work, care, laws and self-sufficiency. Families and Societies Working Paper Series by European Union’s 7th Framework Programme, vol 7, pp 1–67Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Eurofound (2015) Families in the Economic crisis: changes in policy measures in the EU. Publications Office of the European Union, LuxemburgGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Eurostat (2017) Statistics explained, mortality and life expectancy statistics.
  11. 11.
    United Nations (2017) Revision world population prospects. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Law 4389/2016 (Official Government Gazette 94/Issue A’/27-5-2016), Urgent Provisions for Implementing the Agreement on Fiscal Targets and Structural Reforms and Other ProvisionsGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Amitsis G, Kokkori V (2012) Peer review in social protection and social inclusion: area-based policies in urban-areas – how to promote good living conditions for children and youth – the situation in Greece. Norway, 13–14 Nov 2012Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Marinos S (2017) Social solidarity income statistics, February 2017. Accessed 8 Aug 2017
  15. 15.
    Manpower Employment Organization – OAED (2018) Summary report of the registered people in OAED – July 2018.
  16. 16.
    ELSTAT (2017) Labour force survey – unemployed (1981–2016).
  17. 17.
    European Institute for Gender Equality – EIGE (2015) Reconciliation of work, family and private life in the European Union: policy review. EIGE, LithuaniaGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ministry of Health (2017) World Women’s Day, March 8, 2017 on “Be Bold For Change” (WHO). Women’s Rights in Health, IDA: 7.3.2017, AthensGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Social Policy (2016) Survey of the institute of small enterprises – Hellenic confederation of professionals, craftsmen & merchants (IME-GSEVEE): 2016 is the year of low expectations and reduced prospects.
  20. 20.
    The Greek Ombudsman (2012) Summary special report: abusive unilateral forced labor rotation of workers after maternity leave. Gender Equality Round, July 2012, Ombudsman’s Greek Independent AuthorityGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Equal Tempora (2004) Groupe de travail transnational 2, Nouveaux services locaux pour la qualite de la vie quoditienne. Project Equal Tempora, BarcelonaGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    European Commission (2010) Europe 2020 flagship initiative innovation Union. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Pierrakos G (2017) Social economy – social entrepreneurship. Open eClass. Athens University of Applied Sciences, AthensGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Pierrakos G (2008) Primary Health Care & Local Society. Papazisis, AthensGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Amitsis G (2016) Emblematic initiatives safeguarding the social cohesion during the period of memorandums: the model of the national strategy of social integration. Papazisis, AthensGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Peristera P (2010) Policies for the family in Greece. Demo News 9:1–4Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    ILO (2017) World employment social outlook – sustainable enterprises and jobs: formal enterprises and decent work. International Labour Office, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Eurofound (2016) The gender employment gap: challenges and solutions. Publications Office of the European Union, LuxemburgGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Balourdos D, Pierrakos G, Kikilias I, Demertzis N (2018) The low fertility in Greece, the demographic crisis and the policies. The National Center of Social Research, AthensGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • George Pierrakos
    • 1
  • Evangelia Maritsa
    • 1
  • Charalampos Platis
    • 1
  • Dimitra Latsou
    • 1
  • Sotiris Soulis
    • 1
  1. 1.Health and Social Care ManagementUniversity of West AtticaAthensGreece

Personalised recommendations