Tourism, Design and Disability?
As a person who my whole life have been a personal assistant of a wheelchair user and had my Master degree on Design for All, I wrote a paper which analyses a global idea about human discrimination of disabled people related to design and their everyday activities as Accessible Tourism is. Based on the idea that the ‘ultimate goal of social development is to improve and enhance the quality of life for all people’ (United Nations, Department of Public Information Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities, pub. DPI 1476 (New York, May 1994)) design plays an important role to this. The focus is to examine: the needs and Targets for Accessible Tourism Policies, Accessible Principles, the design essentials for Accessible Hotels, what do we mean by ‘accessible’ and who are the customers that needs accessible facilities? How the principles of Universal design empower tourism destinations to improve the quality of their services, expand the tourism market and in conclusion to achieve and determine tourism policies focusing to the value of ‘design for All’!
KeywordsUniversal design Accessibility Disability Accessible tourism practices Accessible travel and leisure Social emancipation
- 1.Abberley P (2002) Work, disability, disabled people, and European social theory. In: Barnes C, Oliver M, Barton L (eds) Disability studies today. Polity, Cambridge, pp 120–138Google Scholar
- 2.Poli M (1999) Design for ALL? Wheelchairs users and the food retail environments. Design Academy, EindhovenGoogle Scholar
- 3.Pirkl J (1994) Transgenerational design. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, p 73Google Scholar
- 4.EIDD – Design for all Europe (2004) The EIDD Stockholm declaration 2004. http://www.designforalleurope.org/Design-for-All/EIDD-Documents/Stockholm-Declaration/
- 5.Steinfeld E (1994) The concept of universal design. Centre for Inclusive Design & Environmental Access, State University of New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 6.Buhalis D, Darcy S, Ambrose I (2012) Best practice in accessible tourism: inclusion, disability, ageing population and tourism. Channel View Publications, Tonawanda, NYGoogle Scholar
- 7.ENAT Study Report (2008) Towards 2010: disability policy challenges and actions for the European tourism sectorGoogle Scholar
- 8.European Network for Accessible Tourism (2007) Services and facilities for accessible tourism in Europe supported by the commission of the European communities. ENAT Publications, AthensGoogle Scholar
- 9.Numbers from OSSATE (2005) Report accessibility and stakeholder market analysisGoogle Scholar
- 10.Hellenic Ministry of Environment, Office for Studies on People with Disabilities (1996–2000) Design guidelines for independent access of disabled people. Hellenic Ministry of Environment, Athens. http://www.designforalleurope.org/Design-for-All/EIDD-Documents/Stockholm-Declaration/
- 11.Hellenic Ministry of Public Works (1998) Designing for all (Greek publication). http://www.minenv.gr/1/16/162/16203/g1620300.html
- 12.Papamichail K (2012) Accessible hotels: design essentials. In: Buhalis D, Darcy S, Ambrose I (eds) Best practice in accessible tourism: inclusion, disability, ageing population and tourism. Channel View Publications, Tonawanda, NY, pp 241–262Google Scholar