Technology Entrepreneurship and Gender in Emerging Countries

  • Guillermo Andrés Zapata-Huamaní
  • Sara Fernández-López
  • María Jesús Rodríguez-Gulías
  • David Rodeiro-PazosEmail author
Part of the Contributions to Management Science book series (MANAGEMENT SC.)


This paper explores the role of gender in new technology-based firms creation and whether this role differs across developed and emerging countries. By using a sample of 244,471 individuals in 70 countries, the results firstly show a negative relationship between being a woman and setting up a technology entrepreneurial initiative, regardless the stage of the country’s economic development. Secondly, in less-developed countries, there is a positive effect of being a woman on starting non-technology entrepreneurship. Thirdly, in emerging countries, being a woman has an even greater negative effect on technology entrepreneurship than it has in developed countries.


Technology entrepreneurship Women entrepreneurship Emerging countries Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) project New technology-based firms 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guillermo Andrés Zapata-Huamaní
    • 1
  • Sara Fernández-López
    • 1
  • María Jesús Rodríguez-Gulías
    • 2
  • David Rodeiro-Pazos
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Finance and AccountingUniversidade de Santiago de CompostelaSantiago de CompostelaSpain
  2. 2.Department of BusinessUniversidade da CoruñaA CoruñaSpain

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