“Sharing Economy, Sharing Emotions” in the Society 4.0: A Study of the Consumption and Sensibilities in the Digital Era in China
Technological innovation is occurring at an ever-increasing pace and the world that we live in is more interconnected and globalized. There is no doubt that China has been considered as one of the world’s largest investors and adopters of digital technologies, and exerts a large influence on the global digital economy. So, in this chapter, we focus on the situation of digital labour and the development of the sharing economy in China. Why has China, a country with a population of 1.3 billion, experienced a boom of the sharing economy since the year 2016?
In order to understand this, it is essential to explore briefly notions like “HE” (Harmony) and “Tian Xia” (All under Heaven) in the Chinese traditional culture. On the other hand, from bikes to houses, we will discuss how these shared products change people’s daily life and guide their emotions. What’s more, through some theories of emotional sociology, we will investigate the politics of sensibilities as applied to consumption in Society 4.0, which is closely related with the virtual world or the mobile world. What is the situation of social mass media in China, as compared with the other countries at a global level?
Last but not least, we will analyse some relevant works about the prediction of the development of Society 4.0 and China’s influence as a leading global force, as well as the conjecture about the relationship between the sensibilities and the sharing economy.
KeywordsChina Sharing economy Digital labour Sensibilities
- Barbrook, R. (2005). The High-Tech Gift Economy. First Monday. Special Issue 3: Internet Banking, e-Money, and Internet Gift Economies. Published in December 2005. Special Issue editor Mark A.Google Scholar
- Chan, C. K. C. (2008). The Challenge of Labour in China: Strikes and the Changing Labour Regime in Global Factories. Doctoral dissertation, University of Warwick.Google Scholar
- Franceschini, I., et al. (2017). Chinese Labour in a Global Perspective. Made in China, 2(3), 5.Google Scholar
- Freeman, R. (2005). China, India and the Doubling of the Global Labor Force: Who Pays the Price of Globalization? The Globalist, 3(6), 1–5.Google Scholar
- Gutmann, E. (2004). Losing the New China. San Francisco: Encounter Books.Google Scholar
- Jilin, X. (2015). The New Tianxia: Rebuilding China’s Internal and External Order. Series of Intelectuales (Tomo 13). Shanghai: Shanghai People’s Press.Google Scholar
- 许纪霖. (2015). 新天下主义: 重建中国的内外秩序. 知识分子论丛 (第 13 辑). 上海:上海人民出版社.Google Scholar
- Mattioli, M. C., & Sapovadia, V. K. (2004). Laws of Labor. Harvard International Review, 26(2), 60–64.Google Scholar
- Scribano, A. (2015). Comienzo del Siglo XXI y Ciencias Sociales: Un rom-pecabezas posible. Polis, 41. Available at: http://journals.openedition.org/polis/11005
- Scribano, A., & Lisdero, P. (2018). Visual Experience and Social Research: Towards a Critique of the Political Economy of the Digital Gaze. Religación. Revista de ciencias sociales y humanidades, 3(9), 165–181.Google Scholar
- Sundararajan, A. (2016). The Sharing Economy: The End of Employment and the Rise of Crowd-Based Capitalism. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
- Terranova, T. (2004). Network Culture: Politics for the Information Age. London: Pluto Press.Google Scholar
- Woetzel, J., Seong, J., Wang, K. W., Manyika, J., Chui, M., & Wong, W. (2017). China’s Digital Economy: A Leading Global Force. New York: McKinsey Global Institute.Google Scholar
- Xia, B. Q. (2014a, June). Labour in the Chinese Internet Industries. Leeds: University of Leeds.Google Scholar
- Xia, B. Q. (2014b). Digital Labour in Chinese Internet Industries. Triple C: Communication, Capitalism & Critique. Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society, 12(2), 668–693. Doctoral dissertation. Institute of Communications Studies, University of Leeds.Google Scholar
- Zhao, Y. (2004). The State, the Market, and Media Control in China. In P. Thomas & Z. Nain (Eds.), Who Owns the Media? Global Trends and Local Resistances (pp. 179–212). Penang: Southbound.Google Scholar