Peripheral Nerve Anatomy

  • Daniel Rothstein
  • Didier Demesmin


This chapter will examine anatomy of the peripheral nervous system, including the spinal nerves and nerve plexi. Specifically, we will cover the cervical, brachial, and lumbosacral plexus. We will also examine the anatomy of the autonomic nervous system and its two main components, the parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous systems. A thorough understanding of peripheral nervous system anatomy is critical for evaluating, diagnosing, and treating pain syndromes.


Spinal nerve Dorsal and ventral root Dorsal and ventral rami Cervical plexus Brachial plexus Lumbar plexus Sacral plexus Sympathetic nervous system Parasympathetic nervous system 

Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Agur A, Dalley A. Grant’s atlas of anatomy. 14th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer; 2017.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gray H. Gray’s anatomy: the Unabridged Running Press Edition of the American Classic. Philadelphia: Running Press; 1974. p. 762–810.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Netter F. Atlas of human anatomy. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders; 2014.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Stranding S. Gray’s anatomy: the anatomical basis of clinical practice. 41th ed. Europe and United States: Elsevier; 2015. p. 762–75.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Rothstein
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Didier Demesmin
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
    • 3
    • 5
  1. 1.University Pain Medicine CenterSomersetUSA
  2. 2.Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson University HospitalNew BrunswickUSA
  3. 3.Pain Medicine DepartmentSaint Peter’s University HospitalNew BrunswickUSA
  4. 4.JFK Johnson Rehabilitation InstituteEdisonUSA
  5. 5.University Clinical Research CenterSomersetUSA

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