Opioids for Chronic Non-cancer Pain

  • Jason E. Pope
  • Timothy R. Deer


Chronic opioid therapy, and specifically its access, has undergone dramatic swings over the last 30 years, with little focus on the data until recently. There is a clear focus on minimizing opioid initiation and employing opioid mitigating treatments. In this chapter, we review the current guideline statements regarding safe prescribing and discuss their role on the non-cancer-related patient.


CDC recommendations Non-cancer pain Compliance testing 

Recommended Reading

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    Han B, Compton W, et al. Non-medical prescription opioid use and use disorders among adults aged 18 through 64 years in the United States, 2003-2013. JAMA. 2015;314(4):1468–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Levy RM. Neuromodulation: the “not-so-hidden” cure for the opioid crisis. Neuromodulation. 2017;20:519–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Sharan AD, Riley J, Falowski S, Pope JE, et al. Association of opioid usage with spinal cord stimulation outcomes. Pain Med. 2017;0:1–9.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jason E. Pope
    • 1
  • Timothy R. Deer
    • 2
  1. 1.Evolve Restorative CenterSanta RosaUSA
  2. 2.The Spine and Nerve Center of the VirginiasCharlestonUSA

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