Pain and Suffering

  • Marilyn S. Jacobs


Pain and suffering are intrinsically linked. Advances in pain treatments offer patients viable interventions to reduce pain complaints. Yet, amelioration of pain-related suffering is more complex and challenging. There are physical, mental, and social consequences to pain conditions. Practitioners of pain care need to be aware that pain is an event with unwanted changes in the lives of their patients. Research has shown that emotional disclosure about the narratives of disruption and loss concerning these experiences is beneficial and can be transformative. Multidisciplinary approaches to pain medicine are the best practice standard for these outcomes. Appreciation of the suffering due to pain augments physical interventions.


Suffering Pain Pain as an event Humanistic medicine Posttraumatic growth Shifting perspectives of model of chronic illness Narrative medicine 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marilyn S. Jacobs
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral SciencesDavid Geffen School of Medicine at UCLALos AngelesUSA

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