Interactive/Participatory Designing the Experience of Contemporary Maquettes

  • Marta MagagniniEmail author
  • Nicolò Sardo
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 919)


This essay investigates the changes and modulations between analogue and digital aspects of the architectural model, with regard to its peculiar nature as a device to convey three-dimensional information in both teaching and communication. Distinguishing between models on the architectural and urban scales, this contribution briefly reviews the development and some of the uses of this artefact as a unique medium that bridges the current cultural and social step from vertical transmission to the horizontal communication of knowledge. The models are considered important devices to learn and transmit thoughts about architecture and the landscape, even within museum institutions. Their historical importance for representing urban spaces and the territory is also analysed. In recent years, physical models have taken on original value thanks to the implementation of new technologies. These technologies not only expand the models’ functions, but also promote a use that renews and updates the relationship between object and user, increasing the participatory aspect.


Architectural models Teaching and technologies for museums Augmented or mixed reality 


Author Contributions

This work was conceived and designed by Marta Magagnini e Nicolò Sardo. Marta Magagnini has developed and edited the Sect. 3, Nicolò Sardo the Sect. 2.


N.B. All direct quotations were translated by the author from the bibliographic sources

  1. Boudon Ph (1991) De l’architecture à l’épistémologie. La question de l’échelle, PUF, ParisGoogle Scholar
  2. Dolci D (1988) Dal trasmettere al comunicare. Sonda, TorinoGoogle Scholar
  3. Folder (Ferrari M, Pasqual E) (2014a) Italian limes. In: la Biennale di Venezia (ed). Fundamentas. 14. Mostra Internazionale di Architettura. Marsilio, Venezia, pp 440–441Google Scholar
  4. Frampton K, Kolbowski S (eds) (1981) Idea as Model. Institute for Architecture and Urban Studies, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Gavinelli C (1993) Storie di modelli esibitivi e critici. Alinea, FirenzeGoogle Scholar
  6. Healy P: The Model and its Architecture. 010 Publisher, Rotterdam (2008)Google Scholar
  7. Levi-Strauss C (1996) Il pensiero selvaggio. Il Saggiatore, MilanoGoogle Scholar
  8. Magnaghi A (2001) Rappresentare i luoghi, metodi e tecniche. Alinea, FirenzeGoogle Scholar
  9. Maldonado T (1987) Questioni di similarità. Rassegna 32:57–61Google Scholar
  10. Maldonado T (1998) Reale e virtuale. Feltrinelli, MilanoGoogle Scholar
  11. Miller M (1987) Il modello di Robert Moses. Rassegna 32:74–75Google Scholar
  12. Moretti L (1952–1953). Strutture e sequenze di spazi. Spazio 7, 9–20, 107–108Google Scholar
  13. Morris M (2006) Models: Architecture and the Miniature. Wiley Academy, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  14. Porter T, Neale J (2000) Architectural Supermodels. Architectural Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  15. Quaini M (1987) Le forme della Terra. Rassegna 32:63–73Google Scholar
  16. Rambaldi G (2010) Participatory Three-dimensional Modelling: Guiding Principles and Applications, 2010th edn. CTA, Wageningen (the Netherlands)Google Scholar
  17. Rifkin J (2011) The Third Industrial Revolution: How Lateral Power Is Transforming Energy, the Economy, and the World. St. Martin’s Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  18. Sardo N (2004) La figurazione plastica dell’architettura. Edizioni Kappa, RomaGoogle Scholar
  19. Scolari M (1988) L’idea di modello. Eidos 2:16–39Google Scholar
  20. Scolari M (1984) Elementi per una storia dell’axonometria. Casabella 500:42–49Google Scholar
  21. Serralunga M (1985) Modelli e fantasmi. Stileindustria 1:57–60Google Scholar
  22. Smith AC (2004) Architectural Model as Machine. Architectural Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  23. Zevi B (1964) L’opera architettonica di Michelangelo nel quarto centenario della morte. L’architettura cronache e storia 9:654–712Google Scholar

Online publications

  1. ACF (2016) Cameroon’s First Participatory 3D Mapping for Forest Monitoring and Conservation Management. Accessed 1 Sept 2018
  2. Di Gessa S (2008) Participatory Mapping as a Tool for Empowerment: Experiences and Lessons Learned from the ILC Network, International Land Coalition. Accessed 1 Sept 2018
  3. Dumont E (2016) Paris/Le Louvre repense ses accueils et le Pavillon de l’Horloge. C’est raté. Accessed 1 Sept 2018
  4. Folder (2014b) Moving Borders. A cartographic and political enquiry. Accessed 1 Sept 2018
  5. ICIMOD (2016) A Manual on Participatory Three-Dimensional Modelling (P3DM, International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development: Kathmandu, December 2016. Accessed 1 Sept 2018
  6. Kilgannon C (2007) On the Town, Sized Down, Jazzed Up. Accessed 1 Sept 2018
  7. Lucarelli F (2014) Moving Boundaries in the Alps: Italian Limes (Venice Architecture Biennale 2014), by Folder and collaborators. Accessed 1 Sept 2018
  8. Manaugh G (2014) Where Borders Melt. Accessed 1 Sept 2018
  9. Queens Museum (2013) Panorama of the City of New York. Accessed 1 Sept 2018
  10. Rnul Interactive (2017) Interactive scale model at Accessed 1 Sept 2018
  11. Rosenberg Z (2015) Unlocking the Secrets of New York City’s Most Famous Model. Accessed 1 Sept 2018

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Scuola di Architettura e Design“Eduardo Vittoria” – Università di CamerinoAscoli PicenoItaly

Personalised recommendations