Iraq: Trying to Turn a Page
Iraq has taken much of the UN Security Council’s time over the 1990–2006 period. In 2007, Iraqis faced political, sectarian and criminal violence, the insurgents, extremists and terrorists tried to destabilize the Iraqi Government, and force the US-led Multinational Force to withdraw. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon described the crisis in Iraq as a humanitarian emergency as the country remained an extremely complex operating environment for the United Nations. In 2013, the Governments in Iraq and Syria faced the Al-Qaida affiliated organizations, the so-called Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) or Da’esh, and Jabhat al Nusra and their terrorist threat to the region became reality.