The anti-Government demonstrations and violence in Syria started in March 2011 during the Arab Awakening/Arab Spring. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s action on Syria remained under a shadow of the regime change in Libya, he remained cautious of going down the same road. Kofi Annan’s six-point peace plan left President Assad’s future for to the Syrians, making the plan unacceptable to the opposition. Syria was caught in a regional proxy war; Al-Qaida was fighting alongside the opposition in Syria. The reports of the alleged use of chemical weapons shocked, but the hopes for a political solution failed. In December 2016, the Syrian forces took back eastern Aleppo from Al-Nusra Front and the Security Council unanimously endorsed a countrywide ceasefire and launching negotiations.