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Environmental Conditions in Polish Lakes with Different Types of Catchments

  • Renata TandyrakEmail author
  • Jolanta Grochowska
  • Katarzyna Parszuto
  • Renata Augustyniak
  • Michał Łopata
Chapter
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 86)

Abstract

The research covered three groups of lakes: urban lakes in Kartuzy in the East Pomeranian Lake District, a group of Barczewo lakes in the Olsztyn Lakeland, and a group of Leginy lakes in the Mrągowo Lakeland. The water bodies were evaluated in terms of water dynamics, oxygen saturation, mineral pollution, and trophic status. The lake complexes differed fundamentally in land-use types in the surrounding areas. The lakes from each group were different. Electrolytic conductivity was highest in urban lakes, especially in Lake Karczemne which has been a sewage receptacle for many years. In the group of urban water bodies, the trophic state index was highest in Lake Karczemne (TSI (SD) and (TP), within the limits of hypertrophy, R2 = 0.886). In this group of lakes, organic matter limited visibility (R2 = 0.943). In the lakes surrounded mainly by forests, TSI was lower and indicative of oligo/mesotrophy in Lakes Kierźlińskie and Dłużek. Lake Dłużek was characterized by extremely low electrolytic conductivity (43–87 μS cm−1). TSI (TP) exceeded the reference standards in all examined lakes. In eight water bodies, primary production was limited by nitrogen (TSI (Chl) – TSI (TN) > 0 and TSI (TN) – TSI (TP) < 0, TN/TP < 10), which promoted cyanobacterial blooms.

Keywords

Catchment Lakes TSI Urban Water dynamics 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Marzena Karpienia, Agnieszka Grzegorczyk, and Bogumiła Kardaś for help in laboratory analyses. This study was supported by grant No 18.610.007-300 from the Ministry of Science and Higher Education (Poland).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Renata Tandyrak
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jolanta Grochowska
    • 1
  • Katarzyna Parszuto
    • 1
  • Renata Augustyniak
    • 1
  • Michał Łopata
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Water Protection Engineering, Faculty of Environmental SciencesUniversity of Warmia and Mazury in OlsztynOlsztynPoland

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