Advertisement

Sustainability Challenges for Sub-Saharan Africa: Vulnerability, Justice and Human Capabilities

  • Carla GomesEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

 This chapter addresses the main challenges for sub-Saharan Africa in pursuing the Sustainable Development Goals, and discusses the current situation regarding energy, water, food and climate change. It argues that the combined perspective of human capabilities and environmental justice can offer a fruitful contribution for analysing social vulnerabilities across these four critical areas.

Keywords

Sub-Saharan Africa Sustainability challenges Energy Water Food Land use Climate change 

References

  1. AGMIP. (2018). Agricultural model intercomparison and improvement project [Online]. Available: http://www.agmip.org/. Accessed 20 Aug 2019.
  2. AGRA. (2018). Alliance for a green revolution in Africa [Online]. Available: https://agra.org/who-we-are/. Accessed 29 Aug 2019.
  3. Bazilian, M., Rogner, H., Howells, M., Hermann, S., Arent, D., Gielen, D., Steduto, P., Mueller, A., Komor, P., Tol, R. S. J., & Yumkella, K. K. (2011). Considering the energy, water and food nexus: Towards an integrated modelling approach. Energy Policy, 39, 7896–7906.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Burney, J. A., Naylor, R. L., & Postel, S. L. (2013). The case for distributed irrigation as a development priority in sub-Saharan Africa. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110, 12513–12517.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Diao, X. S., Headey, D., & Johnson, M. (2008). Toward a green revolution in Africa: What would it achieve, and what would it require? Agricultural Economics, 39, 539–550.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dworkin, R. (2011). What is a good life? In The New York review of books. New York: Rea S. Hederman.Google Scholar
  7. ECOSOC-UN. (2018). Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. Economic and Social Council of the United Nations.Google Scholar
  8. Edwards, G. A. S., Reid, L., & Hunter, C. (2016). Environmental justice, capabilities, and the theorization of well-being. Progress in Human Geography, 40, 754–769.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Falck-Zepeda, J. B. G., Guillaume, P., & Sithole-Niang, I. D. A. H. (Eds.). (2013). Genetically modified crops in Africa: Economic and policy lessons from countries south of the Sahara. Washington, DC: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).Google Scholar
  10. FAO. (2017). The state of food and agriculture 2017: Leveraging food systems for inclusive rural transformation. Rome: FAO – Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations.Google Scholar
  11. Gomes, C. (2010). Alterações Climáticas e Desenvolvimento Limpo: Cooperação entre Portugal e os PALOP. Lisbon: Esfera do Caos.Google Scholar
  12. Gomes, C. (2017). A justice approach to the African ‘land rush’: investigating the social dynamics around agricultural investments in Mozambique. Doctor of Philosophy, University of East Anglia.Google Scholar
  13. Haberl, H., Fischer-Kowalski, M., Krausmann, F., Martinez-Alier, J., & Winiwarter, V. (2011). A socio-metabolic transition towards sustainability? Challenges for another great transformation. Sustainable Development, 19, 1–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hall, R., Edelman, M., Borras, S. M., Scoones, I., White, B., & Wolford, W. (2015). Resistance, acquiescence or incorporation? An introduction to land grabbing and political reactions ‘from below’. Journal of Peasant Studies, 42, 467–489.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hillerbrand, R. (2018). Why affordable clean energy is not enough. A capability perspective on the sustainable development goals. Sustainability, 10, 2485.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Holden, E., Linnerud, K., & Banister, D. (2014). Sustainable development: Our Common Future revisited. Global Environmental Change, 26, 130–139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. International Energy Agency (IEA) (2014). Africa energy outlook: A focus on energy prospects in Sub-Saharan Africa. Paris: IEA.Google Scholar
  18. International Energy Agency. (2017). Energy access outlook: From poverty to prosperity. Paris: International Energy Agency.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. International Food Policy Research Institute. (2012). 2012 global hunger index [Online]. Available: http://www.ifpri.org/ghi/2012.
  20. Kerr, R. B. (2012). Lessons from the old green revolution for the new: Social, environmental and nutritional issues for agricultural change in Africa. Progress in Development Studies, 12, 213–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Li, T. M. (2009). Exit from agriculture: A step forward or a step backward for the rural poor? Journal of Peasant Studies, 36, 629–636.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Martin, A. (2017). Just conservation: Biodiversity, well-being and sustainability. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Meadows, D. H., & Club of Rome. (1972). The limits to growth; a report for the Club of Rome’s project on the predicament of mankind. New York: Universe Books.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. NAP-GSP. (2017). Regional briefing on national adaptation plans: Africa in focus. UNDP-UN Environment National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP).Google Scholar
  25. Niang, I., Ruppel, O. C., Abdrabo, M. A., Essel, A., Lennard, C., Padgham, J., & Urquhart, P. (2014). Africa. In Climate change 2014: Impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability. Part B: Regional aspects (Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Nussbaum, M. C. (2011). Creating capabilities: The human development approach. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Ribot, J. C., & Peluso, N. L. (2003). A theory of access. Rural Sociology, 68(2), 153–181.Google Scholar
  28. Ringler, C., Bhaduri, A., & Lawford, R. (2013). The nexus across water, energy, land and food (WELF): Potential for improved resource use efficiency? Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 5, 617–624.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Rockström, J., Steffen, W., Noone, K., Persson, Å., Chapin, F. S., Lambin, E., III, Lenton, T. M., Scheffer, M., Folke, C., Schellnhuber, H., Nykvist, B., De Wit, C. A., Hughes, T., Van Der Leeuw, S., Rodhie, H., Sörlin, S., Snyder, P. K., Costanza, R., Svendin, U., Falkenmark, M., Karlberg, L., Corell, R. W., Fabry, V. J., Hansen, J., Walker, B., Liverman, D., Richardson, K., Crutzen, P., & Foley, J. (2009). Planetary boundaries: Exploring the safe operating space for humanity. Ecology and Society, 14(2), 32. [Online].CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Sanchez-Lopez, M. D. (2017). Mineral extraction in a plurinational state: Commodification and resource governance in the Uyuni salt flat in Bolivia (Doctoral dissertation, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK).Google Scholar
  31. Schlosberg, D. (2012). Climate justice and capabilities: A framework for adaptation policy. Ethics & International Affairs, 26, 445–461.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Sen, A. (2013). The ends and means of sustainability. Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, 14, 6–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. United Nations Development Programme. (2016). Human development report 2016: Human development for everyone. New York: UNDP.Google Scholar
  34. Venot, J. P., & Clement, F. (2013). Justice in development? An analysis of water interventions in the rural south. Natural Resources Forum, 37, 19–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. WHO/UNICEF. (2018). Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for water supply, sanitation and hygiene [Online]. Available: washdata.org.
  36. You, L., Ringler, C., Wood-Sichra, U., Robertson, R., Wood, S., Zhu, T., Nelson, G., Guo, Z., & Sun, Y. (2011). What is the irrigation potential for Africa? A combined biophysical and socioeconomic approach. Food Policy, 36, 770–782.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Social Sciences, University of LisbonLisbonPortugal

Personalised recommendations