Climatic Contexts

  • Ana Monteiro
  • Helena Madureira


Africa’s position in the globe (37°21′N–34°51′S; 17°33′W–51°27′E) is one-off as it promotes evidences of almost all possible intertropical zone climate types and subtypes, namely, the equatorial, the humid and dry tropical, the Mediterranean and the desert. The approximately 8000 km in length and 7400 km in width and a 32,000 km coastline provide unique geographical features that are shown in the numerous existing climatic contexts.


African continent Climate types Climate subtypes Future risks Temperature Relative humidity Pluviosity 



We are grateful for the cooperation of Paula Gonçalves and MAPIS in the production of all cartography.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ana Monteiro
    • 1
  • Helena Madureira
    • 1
  1. 1.CEGOT, University of OportoPortoPortugal

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