Exploring Societal Intersections of Geoethical Thinking

  • Martin BohleEmail author
  • Rika Preiser


This chapter explores geoethical thinking as a means for offering alternative modes of living in a world where humans and natural systems are inextricably linked. Real-world examples demonstrate the societal relevance of geoethics. Four essays illustrate different aspects and specific contexts. The first explores the societal significance of geoscience as a ‘stewardship-science’ and elicits the often hidden influence of geoscience in contemporary societies. The second describes an adaptive and collaborative governance approach affording more sustainable futures for small-scale fisheries. This approach combines universal values with contextual practices to inform geoethics-inspired governance approaches. The third argues that more rigorous engagement with citizen science would demonstrate the societal relevance of geoethics. The final essay explores how ‘society–Earth-centric’ narratives can help citizens better understand their (inter)actions within the Earth system.


Geoethics Earth system Stewardship Planetary human niche Citizens’ narratives 


  1. Abd-El Monsef, H., Smith, S. E., & Darwish, K. (2015). Impacts of the Aswan High Dam After 50 Years. Water Resources Management, 29(6), 1873–1885. Scholar
  2. Aceves-Bueno, E., Adeleye, A. S., Bradley, D., Tyler Brandt, W., Callery, P., Feraud, M., et al. (2015). Citizen Science as an Approach for Overcoming Insufficient Monitoring and Inadequate Stakeholder Buy-In in Adaptive Management: Criteria and Evidence. Ecosystems, 18(3), 493–506.
  3. Allenby, B. R., & Sarewitz, D. (2011). The Techno-Human Condition (240pp.). Cambridge: MIT Press. ISBN: 9780262015691.Google Scholar
  4. Arroyo, K. K. (2017). Creative Policymaking: Taking the Lessons of Creative Placemaking to Scale. Artivate: A Journal of Arts Innovation and Entrepreneurship, 6(2), 58–72.Google Scholar
  5. Audouin, M., Preiser, R., Nienaber, S., Downsborough, L., Lanz, J., & Mavengahama, S. (2013). Exploring the Implications of Critical Complexity for the Study of Social-Ecological Systems. Ecology and Society, 18(3), 12. Scholar
  6. Auster, P. J., Fujita, R., Kellert, S. R., Avise, J., Campagna, C., Cuker, B., et al. (2009). Developing an Ocean Ethic: Science, Utility, Aesthetics, Self-Interest, and Different Ways of Knowing. Conservation Biology, 23(1), 233–235.
  7. Autin, W. J. (2016). Multiple Dichotomies of the Anthropocene. The Anthropocene Review, 3(3), 218–230. Scholar
  8. Ball, P. (2005). The Earth Moves Most for Humans. Nature, published online 7 March 2015.
  9. Barnosky, A. D., Hadly, E. A., Bascompte, J., Berlow, E. L., Brown, J. H., Fortelius, M., et al. (2012). Approaching a State Shift in Earth’s Biosphere. Nature, 486, 52–58.
  10. Bauer, P., Thorpe, A., & Brunet, G. (2015). The Quiet Revolution of Numerical Weather Prediction. Nature, 525, 47–55. Scholar
  11. Bauman, W. (2015). Climate Weirding and Queering Nature: Getting Beyond the Anthropocene. Religions, 6(2), 742–754. Scholar
  12. Bergthaller, H., Emmett, R., Johns-Putra, A., Kneitz, A., Lidström, S., McCorristine, S., et al. (2014). Mapping Common Ground: Ecocriticism, Environmental History, and the Environmental Humanities. Environmental Humanities, 5(1), 261–276.
  13. Biermann, F. (2014). Earth System Governance: World Politics in the Anthropocene (288pp.). Cambridge: MIT Press. ISBN 9780262028226.Google Scholar
  14. Biermann, F., Abbott, K., Andresen, S., Backstrand, K., Bernstein, S., Betsill, M. M., et al. (2012). Navigating the Anthropocene: Improving Earth System Governance. Science, 335(6074), 1306–1307.
  15. Biggs, R. (Oonsie), Rhode, C., Archibald, S., Kunene, L. M., Mutanga, S. S., Nkuna, N., et al. (2015). Strategies for Managing Complex Social-Ecological Systems in the Face of Uncertainty: Examples from South Africa and Beyond. Ecology and Society, 20(1), 52.
  16. Bobrowsky, P., Cronin, V., Di Capua, G., Kieffer, S., & Peppoloni, S. (2017). The Emerging Field of Geoethics. In Scientific Integrity and Ethics: With Applications to the Geosciences (pp. 175–212). Special Publications 73. Washington, DC: American Geophysical Union; Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
  17. Bohle, M. (2015). Simple Geoethics: An Essay on Daily Earth Science. In Geoethics: The Role and Responsibility of Geoscientists (pp. 5–12), Geological Society of London. Special Publications 419.
  18. Bohle, M. (2016). Handling of Human-Geosphere Intersections. Geosciences, 6(1), 3. Scholar
  19. Bohle, M. (2017). Ideal-Type Narratives for Engineering a Human Niche. Geosciences, 7(1), 18. Scholar
  20. Bohle, M. (2018). One Realm: Thinking Geoethically and Guiding Small-Scale Fisheries? The European Journal of Development Research, 1–39.
  21. Bohle, M., & Ellis, E. C. (2017). Furthering Ethical Requirements for Applied Earth Science. In Geoethics at the Heart of All Geoscience. Annals of Geophysics, 60(7).
  22. Bohle, M., Sibilla, A., & Casals I Graels, R. (2017). A Concept of Society-Earth-Centric Narratives. In Geoethics at the Heart of All Geoscience. Annals of Geophysics, 60(7).
  23. Bonneuil, C., & Fressoz, J.-B. (2013). L’événement Anthropocène - La terre, l’histoire et nous (320pp.). Le Seuil. ISBN 978-2021135008.Google Scholar
  24. Bonney, R., Shirk, J. L., Phillips, T. B., Wiggins, A., Ballard, H. L., Miller-Rushing, A. J., et al. (2014). Next Steps for Citizen Science. Science, 343(6178), 1436–1437.
  25. Boon, J. (2015). Corporate Social Responsibility, Relationships and the Course of Events in Mineral Exploration—An Exploratory Study.
  26. Botero, C. A., Gardner, B., Kirby, K. R., Bulbulia, J., Gavin, M. C., & Gray, R. D. (2014). The Ecology of Religious Beliefs. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(47), 16784–16789. Scholar
  27. Bronk, D. W. (1975). The National Science Foundaton: Origins, Hopes, and Aspirations. Science, 188(4187), 409–414.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Brown, A. (2012). Just Enough: Lessons in Living Green from Traditional Japan. North Clarendon: Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4629-1179-0.Google Scholar
  29. Brown, P. G., & Schmidt, J. J. (2014). Living in the Anthropocene: Business as Usual, or Compassionate Retreat? In State of the World 2014 (pp. 63–71). Washington, DC: Island Press.
  30. Brown, S., Nicholls, R. J., Hanson, S., Brundrit, G., Dearing, J. A., Dickson, M. E., et al. (2014). Shifting Perspectives on Coastal Impacts and Adaptation. Nature Climate Change, 4(9), 752–755.
  31. Brown, A. G., Tooth, S., Bullard, J. E., Thomas, D. S. G., Chiverrell, R. C., Plater, A. J., et al. (2017). The Geomorphology of the Anthropocene: Emergence, Status and Implications. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 42(1), 71–90.
  32. Bugge, M., Hansen, T., & Klitkou, A. (2016). What Is the Bioeconomy? A Review of the Literature. Sustainability, 8(7), 691. Scholar
  33. Buhmann, K. (2016). Public Regulators and CSR: The ‘Social Licence to Operate’ in Recent United Nations Instruments on Business and Human Rights and the Juridification of CSR. Journal of Business Ethics, 136(4), 699–714. Scholar
  34. Buytaert, W., Zulkafli, Z., Grainger, S., Acosta, L., Alemie, T. C., Bastiaensen, J., et al. (2014). Citizen Science in Hydrology and Water Resources: Opportunities for Knowledge Generation, Ecosystem Service Management, and Sustainable Development. Frontiers in Earth Science, 2, 1–21.
  35. Cairney, P. (2016). The Politics of Evidence-Based Policy Making. London: Palgrave Pivot. ISBN 978-1-137-51780-7.
  36. Campbell, L. M., Gray, N. J., Fairbanks, L., Silver, J. J., Gruby, R. L., Dubik, B. A., et al. (2016). Global Oceans Governance: New and Emerging Issues. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 41(1), 517–543.
  37. Cardinale, B. J., Duffy, J. E., Gonzalez, A., Hooper, D. U., Perrings, C., Venail, P., et al. (2012). Biodiversity Loss and Its Impact on Humanity. Nature, 486, 59–67.
  38. Carpentier, J., Lebrun, F., & Arrignon, J.-P. (1992). Histoire de l’Europe (620pp.). Paris: Editions du Seuil.Google Scholar
  39. Cashion, T., Al-Abdulrazzak, D., Belhabib, D., Derrick, B., Divovich, E., Moutopoulos, D. K., et al. (2018). Reconstructing Global Marine Fishing Gear Use: Catches and Landed Values by Gear Type and Sector. Fisheries Research, 206, 57–64.
  40. Castree, N. (2017). Speaking for the ‘People Disciplines’: Global Change Science and Its Human Dimensions. The Anthropocene Review, 4(3), 160–182. Scholar
  41. Catlin, K. A. (2016). Archaeology for the Anthropocene: Scale, Soil, and the Settlement of Iceland. Anthropocene, 15, 13–21. Scholar
  42. Chakrabarty, D. (2016). Whose Anthropocene? A Response. RCC Perspectives, 2, 101–114.
  43. Chew, S., & Sarabia, D. (2016). Nature-Culture Relations: Early Globalization, Climate Changes, and System Crisis. Sustainability, 8(1), 78. Scholar
  44. Chuenpagdee, R., & Jentoft, S. (2013). Assessing Governability—What’s Next. In Governability of Fisheries and Aquaculture: Theory and Applications (pp. 335–349). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
  45. Chung, S. Y., Ehrenfreund, P., Rummel, J. D., & Peter, N. (2010). Synergies of Earth Science and Space Exploration. Advances in Space Research, 45(1), 155–168. Scholar
  46. Clark, N., & Gunaratnam, Y. (2017). Earthing the Anthropos? From ‘Socializing the Anthropocene’ to Geologizing the Social. European Journal of Social Theory, 20(1), 146–163. Scholar
  47. Corner, A. J., & Pidgeon, N. F. (2010). Geoengineering the Climate: The Social and Ethical Implications. Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development, 52(1), 24–37.
  48. Dangendorf, S., Marcos, M., Wöppelmann, G., Conrad, C. P., Frederikse, T., & Riva, R. (2017). Reassessment of 20th Century Global Mean Sea Level Rise. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114(23), 5946–5951. Scholar
  49. Dare, M. (Lain), Schirmer, J., & Vanclay, F. (2014). Community Engagement and Social Licence to Operate. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, 32(3), 188–197.
  50. David, P. A., & Foray, D. (2002). An Introduction to the Economy of the Knowledge Society. International Social Science Journal, 54(171), 9–23. Scholar
  51. Descola, P. (1986). La Nature Domestique: Symbolism et praxis dans l’ecologie des Achuar (452pp.). Paris: Éditions de la Maison des sciences de l’homme. ISBN 978-2-7351-1057-5.Google Scholar
  52. Descola, P. (2011). L’ecologie des autres: l’anthropologie et la question de la nature (112pp.). Paris: Editions Quæ. ISBN 978-2759224661.
  53. Di Baldassarre, G., Viglione, A., Carr, G., Kuil, L., Yan, K., Brandimarte, L., et al. (2015). Debates-Perspectives on Socio-Hydrology: Capturing Feedbacks Between Physical and Social Processes. Water Resources Research, 51(6), 4770–4781.
  54. Di Capua, G., & Peppoloni, S. (2014). Geoethical Aspects in the Natural Hazards Management. In Engineering Geology for Society and Territory—Volume 7, Education, Professional Ethics and Public Recognition of Engineering Geology (pp. 59–62). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
  55. Diamond, J. (2005). Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed [Survive] (608pp.). Reprint edition in 2011. New York: Viking Penguin. ISBN 978-0241958681.Google Scholar
  56. Dirección de Hidrografía. (1863). Conferencia de Bruselas y modelo del extracto del diario meteorologico. Anuario de la Direction de Hidrografia (pp. 191–205). Imp. de T. Forteney: Liberal (Madrid).Google Scholar
  57. Donia, N. (2013). Aswan High Dam Reservoir Management System. Journal of Hydroinformatics, 15(4), 1491–1510. Scholar
  58. Druguet, E., Passchier, C. W., Pennacchioni, G., & Carreras, J. (2013). Geoethical Education: A Critical Issue for Geoconservation. Episodes, 36(1), 11–18.Google Scholar
  59. Duarte, C. M. (2014). Global Change and the Future Ocean: A Grand Challenge for Marine Sciences. Frontiers in Marine Science, 1, 1–16. Scholar
  60. Durand, G. (1960). Les structures anthropologiques de l’imaginaire: introduction à l’archétypologie générale (512pp.). le éd. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.Google Scholar
  61. Edenhofer, O., & Kowarsch, M. (2015). Cartography of Policy Paths: A Model for Solution-Oriented Environmental Assessments. Environmental Science & Policy, 51, 56–64. Scholar
  62. Ehrlich, P. R., Kareiva, P. M., & Daily, G. C. (2012). Securing Natural Capital and Expanding Equity to Rescale Civilization. Nature, 486, 68–73. Scholar
  63. Eitzel, M. V., Cappadonna, J. L., Santos-Lang, C., Duerr, R. E., Virapongse, A., West, S. E., et al. (2017). Citizen Science Terminology Matters: Exploring Key Terms. Citizen Science: Theory and Practice, 2(1), 1.
  64. El-Chichakli, B., von Braun, J., Lang, C., Barben, D., & Philp, J. (2016). Policy: Five Cornerstones of a Global Bioeconomy. Nature, 535(7611), 221–223. Scholar
  65. Ellis, E. C. (2011). Anthropogenic Transformation of the Terrestrial Biosphere. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 369(1938), 1010–1035. Scholar
  66. Ellis, E. C. (2015). Ecology in an Anthropogenic Biosphere. Ecological Monographs, 85(3), 287–331. Scholar
  67. Ellis, E. C., Kaplan, J. O., Fuller, D. Q., Vavrus, S., Klein Goldewijk, K., & Verburg, P. H. (2013). Used Planet: A Global History. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(20), 7978–7985. Scholar
  68. Ellis, E. C., Richerson, P. J., Mesoudi, A., Svenning, J.-C., Odling-Smee, J., & Burnside, W. R. (2016). Evolving the Human Niche. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(31), E4436–E4436. Scholar
  69. Elmqvist, T., Bai, X., Frantzeskaki, N., Griffith, C., Maddox, D., McPhearson, T., et al. (Eds.). (2018). Urban Planet: Knowledge Towards Sustainable Cities. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1316647554.
  70. Fabietti, U., & Remotti, F. (1997). Dizionario di Antropologia. Bologna: Zanichelli.Google Scholar
  71. Falck, W. E. (2016). Social Licencing in Mining-Between Ethical Dilemmas and Economic Risk Management. Mineral Economics, 29(2–3), 97–104.
  72. Fiedler, J. W., & Conrad, C. P. (2010). Spatial Variability of Sea Level Rise Due to Water Impoundment Behind Dams. Geophysical Research Letters, 37(12), L12603, 1–6.
  73. Finney, S. C., & Edwards, L. E. (2016). The “Anthropocene” Epoch: Scientific Decision or Political Statement? GSA Today, 26(3), 4–10. Scholar
  74. Fischer, J., Gardner, T. A., Bennett, E. M., Balvanera, P., Biggs, R., Carpenter, S., et al. (2015). Advancing Sustainability Through Mainstreaming a Social-Ecological Systems Perspective. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 14, 144–149.
  75. Foley, S. F., Gronenborn, D., Andreae, M. O., Kadereit, J. W., Esper, J., Scholz, D., et al. (2013). The Palaeoanthropocene—The Beginnings of Anthropogenic Environmental Change. Anthropocene, 3, 83–88.
  76. Follett, R., & Strezov, V. (2015). An Analysis of Citizen Science Based Research: Usage and Publication Patterns. PLoS One, 10(11), e0143687. Scholar
  77. Fressoz, J.-B. (2012). L’Apocalypse joyeuse - Une histoire du risque technologique (320pp.). L’univers historique/Le Seuil. ISBN 978-2021056983.Google Scholar
  78. Fuentes, A. (2016). The Extended Evolutionary Synthesis, Ethnography, and the Human Niche: Toward an Integrated Anthropology. Current Anthropology, 57(S13), S13–S26. Scholar
  79. Galaz, V., Moberg, F., Olsson, E.-K., Paglia, E., & Parker, C. (2011). Institutional and Political Leadership Dimensions of Cascading Ecological Crises. Public Administration, 89(2), 361–380. Scholar
  80. Galaz, V., Biermann, F., Crona, B., Loorbach, D., Folke, C., Olsson, P., et al. (2012). ‘Planetary Boundaries’—Exploring the Challenges for Global Environmental Governance. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 4(1), 80–87. Scholar
  81. George, A. (2000). The Epic of Gilgamesh: A New Translation (288pp.). London: Penguin Classics. ISBN 978-0140447217.Google Scholar
  82. Gibson-Graham, J. K., & Roelvink, G. (2010). An Economic Ethics for the Anthropocene. Antipode, 41(S1), 320–346. Scholar
  83. Golden, J. S., Virdin, J., Nowacek, D., Halpin, P., Bennear, L., & Patil, P. G. (2017). Making Sure the Blue Economy Is Green. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 1(2), Article 0017.
  84. Goldsmith, E., Allen, R., Allaby, M., Davol, J., & Lawrence, S. (1972). Planspiel zum Überleben. Stuttgart: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt. ISBN 978-3421026385.Google Scholar
  85. Grey, F., Wyler, D., Fröhlich, J., & Maes, K. (2016). Citizen Science at Universities: Trends, Guidelines and Recommendations.
  86. Hall, N., Lacey, J., Carr-Cornish, S., & Dowd, A.-M. (2015). Social Licence to Operate: Understanding How a Concept Has Been Translated into Practice in Energy Industries. Journal of Cleaner Production, 86, 301–310. Scholar
  87. Hämäläinen, T. J. (2015). Governance Solutions for Wicked Problems: Metropolitan Innovation Ecosystems as Frontrunners to Sustainable Well-Being. Technology Innovation Management Review, 5(10), 31–41.
  88. Hamilton, C. (2017). Defiant Earth—The Fate of Humans in the Anthropocene (200pp.). Cambridge: Wiley, Polity Press. ISBN 978-1509519750.Google Scholar
  89. Hamilton, C., & Grinevald, J. (2015). Was the Anthropocene Anticipated? The Anthropocene Review, 2(1), 59–72. Scholar
  90. Hamilton, C., Bonneuil, C., & Gemenne, F. (2015). Thinking the Anthropocene. In The Anthropocene and the Global Environmental Crisis: Rethinking Modernity in a New Epoch (pp. 1–13). London: Routledge. ISBN 978-1138821231.Google Scholar
  91. Haraway, D. (2015). Anthropocene, Capitalocene, Plantationocene, Chthulucene: Making Kin. Environmental Humanities, 6(1), 159–165. Scholar
  92. Hauser, O. P., Rand, D. G., Peysakhovich, A., & Nowak, M. A. (2014). Cooperating with the Future. Nature, 511, 220–223. Scholar
  93. Hazen, R. M. (2012). The Story of Earth: The First 4.5 Billion Years, from Stardust to Living Planet (306pp.). New York, NY: Viking Penguin Group. ISBN 978-1-101-58068-4.Google Scholar
  94. Head, B. W., & Xiang, W.-N. (2016). Why Is an APT Approach to Wicked Problems Important? Landscape and Urban Planning, 154, 4–7. Scholar
  95. Heede, R. (2014). Tracing Anthropogenic Carbon Dioxide and Methane Emissions to Fossil Fuel and Cement Producers, 1854–2010. Climatic Change, 122(1–2), 229–241. Scholar
  96. Hino, M., Field, C. B., & Mach, K. J. (2017). Managed Retreat as a Response to Natural Hazard Risk. Nature Climate Change, 7(5), 364–370. Scholar
  97. Homer-Dixon, T., Walker, B., Biggs, R., Crépin, A.-S., Folke, C., Lambin, E. F., et al. (2015). Synchronous Failure: The Emerging Causal Architecture of Global Crisis. Ecology and Society, 20(3), 6.
  98. Hughes, T. P., Barnes, M. L., Bellwood, D. R., Cinner, J. E., Cumming, G. S., Jackson, J. B. C., et al. (2017). Coral Reefs in the Anthropocene. Nature, 546, 82–90.
  99. Hulme, M. (2009). Why We Disagree About Climate Change: Understanding Controversy, Inaction and Opportunity (428pp.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0521727327.Google Scholar
  100. Hulme, M. (2011). Meet the Humanities. Nature Climate Change, 1(4), 177–179. Scholar
  101. Hyder, K., Townhill, B., Anderson, L. G., Delany, J., & Pinnegar, J. K. (2015). Can Citizen Science Contribute to the Evidence-Base That Underpins Marine Policy? Marine Policy, 59, 112–120. Scholar
  102. Ingram, M., Ingram, H., & Lejano, R. (2015). Environmental Action in the Anthropocene: The Power of Narrative Networks. Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning, 1–16.
  103. Innes, J. E., & Booher, D. E. (2016). Collaborative Rationality as a Strategy for Working with Wicked Problems. Landscape and Urban Planning, 154, 8–10. Scholar
  104. Jacobs, J. R. (2014). The Precautionary Principle as a Provisional Instrument in Environmental Policy: The Montreal Protocol Case Study. Environmental Science & Policy, 37, 161–171. Scholar
  105. Jaeckel, A., Gjerde, K. M., & Ardron, J. A. (2017). Conserving the Common Heritage of Humankind—Options for the Deep-Seabed Mining Regime. Marine Policy, 78, 150–157. Scholar
  106. Jax, K., Barton, D. N., Chan, K. M. A., de Groot, R., Doyle, U., Eser, U., et al. (2013). Ecosystem Services and Ethics. Ecological Economics, 93, 260–268.
  107. Jentoft, S. (2014). Walking the Talk: Implementing the International Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries. Maritime Studies, 13(1), 16. Scholar
  108. Jentoft, S., Chuenpagdee, R., Barragán-Paladines, M. J., & Franz, N. (Eds.). (2017). The Small-Scale Fisheries Guidelines (Vol. 14). Cham: Springer International Publishing. ISBN 978-3-319-55073-2.
  109. Johnson, D. D. P. (2016). Hand of the Gods in Human Civilization. Nature, 530, 285–287. Scholar
  110. Kleinhans, M. G., Buskes, C. J. J., & de Regt, H. W. (2010). Philosophy of Earth Science. In Philosophies of the Sciences (pp. 213–236). Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
  111. Korobova, E., & Romanov, S. (2014). Ecogeochemical Exploration of Noosphere in Light of Ideas of V.I. Vernadsky. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 147(A), 58–64.
  112. Kowarsch, M., Garard, J., Riousset, P., Lenzi, D., Dorsch, M. J., Knopf, B., et al. (2016). Scientific Assessments to Facilitate Deliberative Policy Learning. Palgrave Communications, 2, 16092.
  113. Kramer, D. B., Hartter, J., Boag, A. E., Jain, M., Stevens, K., Nicholas, K. A., et al. (2017). Top 40 Questions in Coupled Human and Natural Systems (CHANS) Research. Ecology and Society, 22(2), 44.
  114. Krausmann, F., Erb, K.-H., Gingrich, S., Haberl, H., Bondeau, A., Gaube, V., et al. (2013). Global Human Appropriation of Net Primary Production Doubled in the 20th Century. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(25), 10324–10329.
  115. Krauss, W. (2015). Anthropology in the Anthropocene: Sustainable Development, Climate Change and Interdisciplinary Research. In Grounding Global Climate Change: Contributions from the Social and Cultural Sciences (pp. 59–76). Springer.
  116. Kullenberg, C., & Kasperowski, D. (2016). What Is Citizen Science?—A Scientometric Meta-Analysis. PLoS One, 11(1), e0147152. Scholar
  117. Kunnas, J. (2017). Storytelling: From the Early Anthropocene to the Good or the Bad Anthropocene. The Anthropocene Review, 4(2), 136–150. Scholar
  118. Landes, D. S. (2003). The Unbound Prometheus: Technological Change and Industrial Development in Western Europe from 1750 to the Present. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780511819957.
  119. Langmuir, C., & Broecker, W. (2012). How to Build a Habitable Planet: The Story of Earth from the Big Bang to Humankind (718pp.). Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0691140063.Google Scholar
  120. Lanza, T. (2014). Promoting Geo-Awareness to Make Citizens the First Watchers of the Territory. In Engineering Geology for Society and Territory—Volume 7, Education, Professional Ethics and Public Recognition of Engineering Geology (pp. 85–88). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
  121. Latour, B. (2013, February 18–28). Facing Gaia: Six Lectures on the Political Theology of Nature (120pp.). Gifford Lectures on Natural Religion, Edinburgh.
  122. Latour, B. (2015). Face à Gaia Huit conférences sur le Nouveau Régime Climatique (398pp.). Paris: Editions La Découverte. ISBN 978-2359251081.Google Scholar
  123. Lawrence, M. G., Schäfer, S., Muri, H., Scott, V., Oschlies, A., Vaughan, N. E., et al. (2018). Evaluating Climate Geoengineering Proposals in the Context of the Paris Agreement Temperature Goals. Nature Communications, 9(1), 3734.
  124. Lieberman, M. D. (2013). Social: Why Our Brains Are Wired to Connect (384pp.). New York: Crown Publishers. ISBN 978-0307889096.Google Scholar
  125. Linton, J., & Budds, J. (2014). The Hydrosocial Cycle: Defining and Mobilizing a Relational-Dialectical Approach to Water. Geoforum, 57, 170–180. Scholar
  126. Liu, J., Dietz, T., Carpenter, S. R., Alberti, M., Folke, C., Moran, E., et al. (2007). Complexity of Coupled Human and Natural Systems. Science, 317(5844), 1513–1516.
  127. Liu, B., Wang, N., Chen, M., Wu, X., Mo, D., Liu, J., et al. (2017). Earliest Hydraulic Enterprise in China, 5,100 Years Ago. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114(52), 13637–13642.
  128. Lofstedt, R. (2015). Effective Risk Communication and CCS: The Road to Success in Europe. Journal of Risk Research, 18(6), 675–691. Scholar
  129. Lorimer, J. (2017). The Anthropo-Scene: A Guide for the Perplexed. Social Studies of Science, 47(1), 117–142. Scholar
  130. Lövbrand, E., Beck, S., Chilvers, J., Forsyth, T., Hedrén, J., Hulme, M., et al. (2015). Who Speaks for the Future of Earth? How Critical Social Science Can Extend the Conversation on the Anthropocene. Global Environmental Change, 32, 211–218.
  131. Lynam, T., & Brown, K. (2012). Mental Models in Human-Environment Interactions: Theory, Policy Implications, and Methodological Explorations. Ecology and Society, 17(3), 3–5. Scholar
  132. Lynch, P. (2008). The Origins of Computer Weather Prediction and Climate Modeling. Journal of Computational Physics, 227(7), 3431–3444. Scholar
  133. Malanima, P. (2010). Europäische Wirtschaftsgeschichte 10-19. Jahrhundert (493pp.). Wien, Köln, and Weimar: Böhlau Verlag. ISBN 978-3825233778.Google Scholar
  134. Maury, M. F. (1858). Geographie Physique de la Mer (Liberairie). Paris: J. Correar.Google Scholar
  135. Mayer, T. (2015). Research Integrity: The Bedrock of the Geosciences. In Geoethics: Ethical Challenges and Case Studies in Earth Sciences (pp. 71–81). Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  136. McNie, E. C., Parris, A., & Sarewitz, D. (2016). Improving the Public Value of Science: A Typology to Inform Discussion, Design and Implementation of Research. Research Policy, 45(4), 884–895. Scholar
  137. Mee, L. (2012). Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea: The Coastal Zone in an Era of Globalisation. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 96, 1–8. Scholar
  138. Meller, C., Schill, E., Bremer, J., Kolditz, O., Bleicher, A., Benighaus, C., et al. (2018). Acceptability of Geothermal Installations: A Geoethical Concept for GeoLaB. Geothermics, 73, 133–145.
  139. Mensing, S., Tunno, I., Cifani, G., Passigli, S., Noble, P., Archer, C., et al. (2016). Human and Climatically Induced Environmental Change in the Mediterranean During the Medieval Climate Anomaly and Little Ice Age: A Case from Central Italy. Anthropocene, 15, 49–59. Scholar
  140. Moffat, K., & Zhang, A. (2014). The Paths to Social Licence to Operate: An Integrative Model Explaining Community Acceptance of Mining. Resources Policy, 39(1), 61–70. Scholar
  141. Moffat, K., Lacey, J., Zhang, A., & Leipold, S. (2016). The Social Licence to Operate: A Critical Review. Forestry, 89(5), 477–488. Scholar
  142. Moiseev, N. N. (1989). The Study of the Noosphere--Contemporary Humanism. International Social Science Journal, 122, 595–606.Google Scholar
  143. Mokyr, J. (2016a). Institutions and the Origins of the Great Enrichment. Atlantic Economic Journal, 44(2), 243–259. Scholar
  144. Mokyr, J. (2016b). A Culture of Growth: The Origins of the Modern Economy (400pp.). Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0691168883.Google Scholar
  145. Monastersky, R. (2015). Anthropocene: The Human Age. Nature, 519(7542), 144–147. Scholar
  146. Moores, E. M. (1997). Geology and Culture: A Call for Action. GSA Today, 7(1), 7–11.Google Scholar
  147. Morton, O. (2015). The Planet Remade—How Geoengineering Could Change the World (440pp.). Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0691148250.Google Scholar
  148. Murphy, C., Gardoni, P., Bashir, H., Harris, C. E., & Masad, E. (2015). Engineering Ethics for a Globalized World. Part of the Philosophy of Engineering and Technology book series (POET, Vol. 22). Cham: Springer International Publishing. ISBN 978-3-319-18259-9.
  149. Newton, A., Carruthers, T. J. B., & Icely, J. (2012). The Coastal Syndromes and Hotspots on the Coast. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 96, 39–47. Scholar
  150. Nurmi, P. A. (2017). Green Mining—A Holistic Concept for Sustainable and Acceptable Mineral Production. In Geoethics at the Heart of All Geoscience. Annals of Geophysics, 60(7).
  151. Oldfield, J. D., & Shaw, D. J. B. (2006). V.I. Vernadsky and the Noosphere Concept: Russian Understandings of Society-Nature Interaction. Geoforum, 37(1), 145–154.
  152. Olsson, P., Moore, M.-L., Westley, F. R., & McCarthy, D. D. P. (2017). The Concept of the Anthropocene As a Game-Changer: A New Context for Social Innovation and Transformations to Sustainability. Ecology and Society, 22(2), 31. Scholar
  153. Orlove, B. (2003). How People Name Seasons. In Weather, Climate, Culture (pp. 121–140). Oxford and New York: Berg Publishers. ISBN 978-1859736975.Google Scholar
  154. Ott, K. (2014). Institutionalizing Strong Sustainability: A Rawlsian Perspective. Sustainability, 6(2), 894–912. Scholar
  155. Owen, J. R., & Kemp, D. (2013). Social Licence and Mining: A Critical Perspective. Resources Policy, 38(1), 29–35. Scholar
  156. Pagel, M. (2012). Wired for Culture: Origins of the Human Social Mind (432pp.). New York: W. W. Norton. ISBN 978-0393344202.Google Scholar
  157. Palsson, G., Szerszynski, B., Sörlin, S., Marks, J., Avril, B., Crumley, C., et al. (2013). Reconceptualizing the ‘Anthropos’ in the Anthropocene: Integrating the Social Sciences and Humanities in Global Environmental Change Research. Environmental Science & Policy, 28, 3–13.
  158. Paul, J. D., Buytaert, W., Allen, S., Ballesteros-Cánovas, J. A., Bhusal, J., Cieslik, K., et al. (2018). Citizen Science for Hydrological Risk Reduction and Resilience Building. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Water, 5(1), e1262.
  159. Pauly, D., & Zeller, D. (2016). Catch Reconstructions Reveal That Global Marine Fisheries Catches Are Higher Than Reported and Declining. Nature Communications, 7, 10244. Scholar
  160. Pearson, P. N., & Palmer, M. R. (2000). Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Concentrations Over the Past 60 Million Years. Nature, 406, 695–699. Scholar
  161. Peppoloni, S., & Di Capua, G. (2012). Geoethics and Geological Culture: Awareness, Responsibility and Challenges. In Geoethics and Geological Culture. Reflections from the Geoitalia Conference 2011 (pp. 335–341). Annals of Geophysics, 55(3).
  162. Peppoloni, S., & Di Capua, G. (2015). The Meaning of Geoethics. In Geoethics: Ethical Challenges and Case Studies in Earth Sciences (pp. 3–14). Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  163. Peppoloni, S., & Di Capua, G. (2016). Geoethics: Ethical, Social, and Cultural Values in Geosciences Research, Practice, and Education. In Geoscience for the Public Good and Global Development: Toward a Sustainable Future (pp. 17–21). Geological Society of America. Special Papers 520.
  164. Peppoloni, S., & Di Capua, G. (2017). Geoethics: Ethical, Social and Cultural Implications in Geosciences. In Geoethics at the Heart of All Geoscience. Annals of Geophysics, 60(7).
  165. Pereira, L. M., Hichert, T., Hamann, M., Preiser, R., & Biggs, R. (2018). Using Futures Methods to Create Transformative Spaces: Visions of a Good Anthropocene in Southern Africa. Ecology and Society, 23(1), 19. Scholar
  166. Pievani, T. (2015). Humans Place in Geophysics: Understanding the Vertigo of Deep Time. In Geoethics: Ethical Challenges and Case Studies in Earth Sciences (pp. 57–67). Waltham, MA: Elsevier.
  167. Pizzorusso, A. (1996). Leonardo’s Geology: The Authenticity of the “Virgin of the Rocks”. Leonardo, 29(3), 197. Scholar
  168. Pizzorusso, A. (2015). Tweeting Da Vinci (244pp.). New York, NY: Da Vinci Press. ISBN 978-1940613000.Google Scholar
  169. Pollitt, C. (2016). Debate: Climate Change—The Ultimate Wicked Issue. Public Money & Management, 36(2), 78–80. Scholar
  170. Potthast, T. (2015). Toward an Inclusive Geoethics—Commonalities of Ethics in Technology, Science, Business, and Environment. In Geoethics: Ethical Challenges and Case Studies in Earth Sciences (pp. 49–56). Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  171. Powell, J., Nash, G., & Bell, P. (2013). GeoExposures: Documenting Temporary Geological Exposures in Great Britain Through a Citizen-Science Web Site. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 124(4), 638–647. Scholar
  172. Preiser, R., Biggs, R., De Vos, A., & Folke, C. (2018). Social-Ecological Systems as Complex Adaptive Systems: Organizing Principles for Advancing Research Methods and Approaches. Ecology and Society, 23(4), 46.
  173. Press, F. (2008). Earth Science and Society. Nature, 451, 301–303. Scholar
  174. Purdy, J. (2015). After Nature: A Politics for the Anthropocene (326pp.). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0674368224.Google Scholar
  175. Purzycki, B. G., Apicella, C., Atkinson, Q. D., Cohen, E., McNamara, R. A., Willard, A. K., et al. (2016). Moralistic Gods, Supernatural Punishment and the Expansion of Human Sociality. Nature, 530, 327–330.
  176. Ren, H., Chen, Y.-C., Wang, X. T., Wong, G. T. F., Cohen, A. L., et al. (2017). 21st-Century Rise in Anthropogenic Nitrogen Deposition on a Remote Coral Reef. Science, 356(6339), 749–752.
  177. Reyers, B., Nel, J. L., O’Farrell, P. J., Sitas, N., & Nel, D. C. (2015). Navigating Complexity Through Knowledge Coproduction: Mainstreaming Ecosystem Services into Disaster Risk Reduction. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(24), 7362–7368. Scholar
  178. Rickards, L. A. (2015a). Critiquing, Mining and Engaging Anthropocene Science. Dialogues in Human Geography, 5(3), 337–342. Scholar
  179. Rickards, L. A. (2015b). Metaphor and the Anthropocene: Presenting Humans as a Geological Force. Geographical Research, 53(3), 280–287. Scholar
  180. Riesch, H., & Potter, C. (2014). Citizen Science as Seen by Scientists: Methodological, Epistemological and Ethical Dimensions. Public Understanding of Science, 23(1), 107–120. Scholar
  181. Roberts, J. M. (1997). The Penguin History of Europe (752pp.). London and New York: Penguin Book. ISBN 978-0140265613.Google Scholar
  182. Roco, M. C., & Bainbridge, W. S. (2013). The New World of Discovery, Invention, and Innovation: Convergence of Knowledge, Technology, and Society. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 15, 1946. Scholar
  183. Rosol, C., Nelson, S., & Renn, J. (2017). Introduction: In the Machine Room of the Anthropocene. The Anthropocene Review, 4(1), 2–8. Scholar
  184. Ruddiman, W. F. (2013). The Anthropocene. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 41(1), 45–68. Scholar
  185. Salvatore, S., Fini, V., Mannarini, T., Veltri, G. A., Avdi, E., Battaglia, F., et al. (2018a). Symbolic Universes Between Present and Future of Europe. First Results of the Map of European Societies’ Cultural Milieu. PLOS One, 13(1), e0189885.
  186. Salvatore, S., Mannarini, T., Avdi, E., Battaglia, F., Cremaschi, M., Fini, V., et al. (2018b). Globalization, Demand of Sense and Enemization of the Other: A Psychocultural Analysis of European Societies’ Sociopolitical Crisis. Culture and Psychology.
  187. Sayre, N. F. (2012). The Politics of the Anthropogenic. Annual Review of Anthropology, 41(1), 57–70. Scholar
  188. Schimel, D., Hibbard, K., Costa, D., Cox, P., & Van Der Leeuw, S. (2015). Analysis, Integration and Modeling of the Earth System (AIMES): Advancing the Post-disciplinary Understanding of Coupled Human-Environment Dynamics in the Anthropocene. Anthropocene, 12, 99–106. Scholar
  189. Schmidt, J. J., Brown, P. G., & Orr, C. J. (2016). Ethics in the Anthropocene: A Research Agenda. The Anthropocene Review, 3(3), 188–200. Scholar
  190. Schoon, M., & Van der Leeuw, S. (2015). The Shift Toward Social-Ecological Systems Perspectives: Insights into the Human-Nature Relationship. Natures Sciences Sociétés, 23(2), 166–174. Scholar
  191. Schwägerl, C. (2014). The Anthropocene—The Human Era and How It Shapes Our Planet (235pp.). Santa Fe, NM: Synergetic Press. ISBN 978-0907791546.Google Scholar
  192. Seitzinger, S., Gaffney, O., Brasseur, G., Broadgate, W., Ciais, P., Claussen, M., et al. (2015). International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme and Earth System Science: Three Decades of Co-evolution. Anthropocene, 12, 3–16.
  193. Sibilla, P. (2012). Approdi e Percorsi: Saggi di antropologia alpina (Vol. 65, 226pp.). Biblioteca di “Lares”. Firenze: Olschki. ISBN 978-8822261489.Google Scholar
  194. Silver, J. J., Gray, N. J., Campbell, L. M., Fairbanks, L. W., & Gruby, R. L. (2015). Blue Economy and Competing Discourses in International Oceans Governance. The Journal of Environment & Development, 24(2), 135–160. Scholar
  195. Silvertown, J. (2009). A New Dawn for Citizen Science. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 24(9), 467–471. Scholar
  196. Sirocko, F. (2012). Wetter, Klima, Menschheitsentwicklung: Von der Eiszeit bis ins 21. Jahrhundert (pp. 208) (Buchgesellschaft theiss). Wiss, Darmstadt. ISBN 978-3534255207.Google Scholar
  197. Sivapalan, M. (2015). Debates-Perspectives on Socio-Hydrology: Changing Water Systems and the “Tyranny of Small Problems”-Socio-Hydrology. Water Resources Research, 51(6), 4795–4805. Scholar
  198. Sivapalan, M., Savenije, H. H. G., & Blöschl, G. (2012). Socio-Hydrology: A New Science of People and Water. Hydrological Processes, 26(8), 1270–1276. Scholar
  199. Slangen, A. B. A., Adloff, F., Jevrejeva, S., Leclercq, P. W., Marzeion, B., Wada, Y., et al. (2016). A Review of Recent Updates of Sea-Level Projections at Global and Regional Scales. Surveys in Geophysics, 38(1), 385–406.
  200. Smil, V. (2007). Global Material Cycles. In Encyclopedia of Earth. Washington, DC: Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment.
  201. Smith, B. D., & Zeder, M. A. (2013). The Onset of the Anthropocene. Anthropocene, 4, 8–13. Scholar
  202. Song, X.-P., Hansen, M. C., Stehman, S. V., Potapov, P. V., Tyukavina, A., Vermote, E. F., et al. (2018). Global Land Change from 1982 to 2016. Nature, 560, 639–643.
  203. Srbulov, M. (2014). Practical Guide to Geo-Engineering: With Equations, Tables, Graphs and Check Lists (370pp.). Part of the Geotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering Book Series (GGEE, Vol. 29). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. ISBN 978-94-017-8637-9.Google Scholar
  204. Steffen, W., Persson, Å., Deutsch, L., Zalasiewicz, J., Williams, M., Richardson, K., et al. (2011). The Anthropocene: From Global Change to Planetary Stewardship. AMBIO, 40, 739–761.
  205. Steffen, W., Broadgate, W., Deutsch, L., Gaffney, O., & Ludwig, C. (2015). The Trajectory of the Anthropocene: The Great Acceleration. The Anthropocene Review, 2(1), 81–98. Scholar
  206. Steffen, W., Leinfelder, R., Zalasiewicz, J., Waters, C. N., Williams, M., Summerhayes, C., et al. (2016). Stratigraphic and Earth System Approaches to Defining the Anthropocene. Earth’s Future, 4(8), 324–345.
  207. Steffen, W., Rockström, J., Richardson, K., Lenton, T. M., Folke, C., Liverman, D., et al. (2018). Trajectories of the Earth System in the Anthropocene. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115(33), 8252–8259.
  208. Sternberg, R. (2008). Hydropower: Dimensions of Social and Environmental Coexistence. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 12(6), 1588–1621. Scholar
  209. Stewart, I. S., & Nield, T. (2013). Earth Stories: Context and Narrative in the Communication of Popular Geoscience. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 124(4), 699–712. Scholar
  210. Strauss, S. (2003). Weather Wise: Speaking Folklore to Science in Leukerbad. In Weather, Climate, Culture (pp. 39–59). Oxford and New York: Berg Publishers. ISBN 9781859736975.Google Scholar
  211. Sutcliffe, J., Hurst, S., Awadallah, A. G., Brown, E., & Hamed, K. (2016). Harold Edwin Hurst: The Nile and Egypt, Past and Future. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 61(9), 1557–1570. Scholar
  212. Syvitski, J. P. M., Kettner, A. J., Overeem, I., Hutton, E. W. H., Hannon, M. T., Brakenridge, G. R., et al. (2009). Sinking Deltas Due to Human Activities. Nature Geoscience, 2, 681–686.
  213. Tarolli, P., Sofia, G., & CAO, W. (2018). The Geomorphology of the Human Age. In Encyclopedia of the Anthropocene (pp. 35–43). Elsevier.
  214. Tengö, M., Brondizio, E. S., Elmqvist, T., Malmer, P., & Spierenburg, M. (2014). Connecting Diverse Knowledge Systems for Enhanced Ecosystem Governance: The Multiple Evidence Base Approach. Ambio, 43(5), 579–591. Scholar
  215. Termeer, C. J. A. M., Dewulf, A., Karlsson-Vinkhuyzen, S. I., Vink, M., & van Vliet, M. (2016). Coping with the Wicked Problem of Climate Adaptation Across Scales: The Five R Governance Capabilities. Landscape and Urban Planning, 154, 11–19. Scholar
  216. Tickell, C. (2011). Societal Responses to the Anthropocene. Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences, 369(1938), 926–932.
  217. Tubman, S. C., & Escobar-Wolf, R. (2016). The Geoscientist as International Community Development Practitioner: On the Importance of Looking and Listening. In Geoscience for the Public Good and Global Development: Toward a Sustainable Future (pp. 9–16). Geological Society of America. Special Papers 520.
  218. Turner II, B. L., Esler, K. J., Bridgewater, P., Tewksbury, J., Sitas, N., Abrahams, B., et al. (2016). Socio-Environmental Systems (SES) Research: What Have We Learned and How Can We Use This Information in Future Research Programs. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 19, 160–168.
  219. Vann-Sander, S., Clifton, J., & Harvey, E. (2016). Can Citizen Science Work? Perceptions of the Role and Utility of Citizen Science in a Marine Policy and Management Context. Marine Policy, 72, 82–93. Scholar
  220. Vayena, E., & Tasioulas, J. (2015). “We the Scientists”: A Human Right to Citizen Science. Philosophy & Technology, 28(3), 479–485. Scholar
  221. Veland, S. (2017). Transcending Ontological Schisms in Relationships with Earth, Water, Air, and Ice. Weather, Climate, and Society, 9(3), 607–619. Scholar
  222. Veland, S., & Lynch, A. H. (2016). Scaling the Anthropocene: How the Stories We Tell Matter. Geoforum, 72, 1–5. Scholar
  223. Vervoort, J., & Gupta, A. (2018). Anticipating Climate Futures in a 1.5 °C Era: The Link Between Foresight and Governance. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 31, 104–111. Scholar
  224. Vidas, D. (2011). The Anthropocene and the International Law of the Sea. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 369(1938), 909–925. Scholar
  225. Viollet, P.-L. (2000). L’hydraulique dans les civilisations anciennes: 5000 ans d’histoire (374pp.). Paria: Presses Ponts et Chaussées. ISBN 2-85978-335-0.Google Scholar
  226. von Storch, H., Emeis, K., Meinke, I., Kannen, A., Matthias, V., Ratter, B. M. W., et al. (2015). Making Coastal Research Useful—Cases from Practice. Oceanologia, 57(1), 3–16.
  227. Walker, B., Gunderson, L., Kinzig, A., Folke, C., Carpenter, S., & Schultz, L. (2006). A Handful of Heuristics and Some Propositions for Understanding Resilience in Social-Ecological Systems. Ecology and Society, 11(1), 13.
  228. Walton, T., & Shaw, W. S. (2015). Living with the Anthropocene Blues. Geoforum, 60, 1–3. Scholar
  229. Waterman, A. T. (1960). National Science Foundation: A Ten-Year Résumé. Science, 131(3410), 1341–1354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  230. Waters, C. N., Zalasiewicz, J., Summerhayes, C., Barnosky, A. D., Poirier, C., Galuszka, A., et al. (2016). The Anthropocene Is Functionally and Stratigraphically Distinct from the Holocene. Science, 351(6269), aad2622.
  231. Weber, J. (2005). Container Shipping in the European Ranges and the Potential Viability of the Newcomer Jade-Weser Port. Ocean Yearbook Online, 19(1), 336–356. Scholar
  232. Whitehouse, H., & McCavely, R. M. (2005). Mind and Religion—Psychological and Cognitive Foundation of Religiosity (278pp.). Oxford, UK: AltaMira Press. ISBN 978-0759106192.Google Scholar
  233. Wilson, E. O. (2012). The Social Conquest of Earth (352pp.). New York: Liveright Publishing Corporation. ISBN 978-0871403636.Google Scholar
  234. Wilson, E. O. (2014). The Meaning of Human Existence (208pp.). New York: Liveright Publishing Corporation. ISBN 978-0871401007.Google Scholar
  235. Wolfle, D. (1957). National Science Foundation the First Six Years. Science, 126(3269), 335–343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  236. Wright, C., Nyberg, D., Rickards, L., & Freund, J. (2018). Organizing in the Anthropocene. Organization, 25(4), 455–471.
  237. Wu, Y., Polvani, L. M., & Seager, R. (2013). The Importance of the Montreal Protocol in Protecting Earth’s Hydroclimate. Journal of Climate, 26(12), 4049–4068. Scholar
  238. Wysession, M. E., LaDue, N., Budd, D. A., Campbell, K., Conklin, M., Kappel, E., et al. (2012). Developing and Applying a Set of Earth Science Literacy Principles. Journal of Geoscience Education, 60(2), 95–99.
  239. Zalasiewicz, J., Waters, C. N., Williams, M., Barnosky, A. D., Cearreta, A., Crutzen, P., et al. (2015). When Did the Anthropocene Begin? A Mid-Twentieth Century Boundary Level Is Stratigraphically Optimal. Quaternary International, 383, 196–203.
  240. Zalasiewicz, J., Waters, C. N., Wolfe, A., Barnosky, A., Cearreta, A., Edgeworth, M., et al. (2017). Making the Case for a Formal Anthropocene Epoch: An Analysis of Ongoing Critiques. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 50(2), 205–226.
  241. Zdanowicz, C. M., Zielinski, G. A., & Germani, M. S. (1999). Mount Mazama Eruption: Calendrical Age Verified and Atmospheric Impact Assessed. Geology, 27(7), 621–624.<0621:MMECAV>2.3.CO;2.
  242. Zhang, X., Davidson, E. A., Mauzerall, D. L., Searchinger, T. D., Dumas, P., & Shen, Y. (2015). Managing Nitrogen for Sustainable Development. Nature, 528, 51–59. Scholar
  243. Zografos, C. (2017). Flows of Sediment, Flows of Insecurity: Climate Change Adaptation and the Social Contract in the Ebro Delta, Catalonia. Geoforum, 80, 49–60.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ronin Institute for Independent ScholarshipMontclairUSA
  2. 2.DG RTDEuropean CommissionBrusselsBelgium
  3. 3.Stellenbosch UniversityStellenboschSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations