Depressive Symptomatology of University Students Via a Web Application

  • Madalena Soula
  • Nikolaos C. ZygourisEmail author
  • Georgios I. Stamoulis
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 916)


Depression is a serious mental health disorder that affects approximately 2–5% of school-age children and adults. In addition to the emotional suffering, depression often disrupts cognitive functions and leads to the deterioration of academic performance. In depressed adults, short and long-term memory as well as attention are the most affected cognitive functions. There are only a limited number of studies on cognitive functions in university students with depressive symptomatology. However, deficits in short-term memory and meta-memory have been reported. Impaired ability to concentrate on task performance is one of the major problems in child and adult patients with depression. A number of studies suggest that university students neglect or even give up on theirs studies after their first year as students. Furthermore, a large number of students finish their studies taking more time than they normally would. A line of researchers recommends assessing their psychological characteristics. Several research protocols have been implemented in order to assess psychological disorders among students, taking into account gender differences, different levels of education, different scientific fields and age.


Depression University students BDI 


  1. 1.
    Alansari, B.M.: Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) items characteristics among undergraduate students of nineteen Islamic countries. Soc. Behav. Personal. Int. J. 33(7), 675–684 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Andrade, L., Gorenstein, C., Vieira Filho, A.H., Tung, T.C., Artes, R.: Psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory applied to college students: factor analysis and relation to the Beck Depression Inventory. Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res. 34(3), 367–374 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Beck, A.T., Steer, R.A., Brown, G.K.: Beck depression inventory-II. San Antonio 78(2), 490–498 (1996)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Beck, A.T., Ward, C.H., Mendelson, M., Mock, J., Erbaugh, J.: An inventory for measuring. Arch. General Psychiatry 4, 561–571 (1961)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bunevicius, A., Katkute, A., Bunevicius, R.: Symptoms of anxiety and depression in medical students and in humanities students: relationship with big-five personality dimensions and vulnerability to stress. Int. J. Soc. Psychiatry 54(6), 494–501 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dahlin, M., Joneborg, N., Runeson, B.: Stress and depression among medical students: a cross-sectional study. Med. Educ. 39(6), 594–604 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Furr, S.R., Westefeld, J.S., McConnell, G.N., Jenkins, J.M.: Suicide and depression among college students: a decade later. Prof. Psychol. Res. Pract. 32(1), 97 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Fountoulakis, K.N., Iacovides, A., Kleanthous, S., Samolis, S., Gougoulias, K., St Kaprinis, G., Bech, P.: The Greek translation of the symptoms rating scale for depression and anxiety: preliminary results of the validation study. BMC Psychiatry 3(1), 21 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gallagher, D., Nies, G., Thompson, L.W.: Reliability of the Beck Depression Inventory with older adults. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 50(1), 152 (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gomes-Oliveira, M.H., Gorenstein, C., Lotufo Neto, F., Andrade, L.H., Wang, Y.P.: Validation of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Beck Depression Inventory-II in a community sample. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria 34(4), 389–394 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hammen, C.L., Cochran, S.D.: Cognitive correlates of life stress and depression in college students. J. Abnorm. Psychol. 90(1), 23 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hill, A.B., Kemp-Wheeler, S.M., Jones, S.A.: What does the Beck Depression Inventory measure in students? Personal. Individ. Differ. 7(1), 39–47 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Jorm, A.F.: Sex and age differences in depression: a quantitative synthesis of published research. Aust. N. Z. J. Psychiatry 21(1), 46–53 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Penley, J.A., Wiebe, J.S., Nwosu, A.: Psychometric properties of the Spanish Beck Depression Inventory-II in a medical sample. Psychol. Assess. 15(4), 569 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wang, Y.P., Lederman, L.P., Andrade, L.H., Gorenstein, C.: Symptomatic expression of depression among Jewish adolescents: Effects of gender and age. Soc. Psychiatry Psychiatr. Epidemiol. 43(1), 79–86 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Madalena Soula
    • 1
  • Nikolaos C. Zygouris
    • 2
    Email author
  • Georgios I. Stamoulis
    • 1
  1. 1.Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of ThessalyVolosGreece
  2. 2.Computer Science DepartmentUniversity of ThessalyLamiaGreece

Personalised recommendations