• Fadhil RahmaEmail author
  • Saif Muneam
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES)


Any two-terminal element exhibits pinched hysteresis loop when derived by bipolar periodic current (response voltage) or periodic voltage (response current), in the voltagecurrent plane, can be called memristor. The pinched hysteresis loop is a fingerprint of memristor (Adhikari et al. in IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. I Regul. Pap. 60:3008–3021, 2013 [1]).


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© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringUniversity of BasrahBasrahIraq

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