Advertisement

How Shall We Promote Citizenship and Social Participation?

  • Michael Rowe
  • Allison N. Ponce
Chapter

Abstract

Citizenship is a framework for understanding and enhancing the strength of a person’s connection to the rights, responsibilities, roles, resources, and relationships that society offers to its members, as well as a sense of belonging that is validated by fellow citizens. We define citizenship, examine its historical roots, and discuss how we identified it as a central concept for extending social participation. We then report on approaches we have pursued to support citizenship and community engagement for individuals with mental illness and other marginalized identities, and the evidence to support these approaches. We also discuss issues related to advocacy by and for people with mental illnesses, including the use of legal remedies for housing, voting, and other tools available to support their full and participating citizenship. We conclude by discussing future directions for the development of the citizenship framework as a means of promoting the social inclusion, participation, and valued membership in the society of people with mental illness.

References

  1. 1.
    Ponce, A. N., & Rowe, M. (2018). Citizenship and community mental health care. American Journal of Community Psychology, 61, 22–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rowe, M. (2015). Citizenship and mental health. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rowe, M., Kloos, B., Chinman, M., Davidson, L., & Cross, A. B. (2001). Homelessness, mental illness and citizenship. Social Policy and Administration, 35(1), 14–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bellamy, C. D., Kriegel, L., Barrenger, S., Klimczak, M., Rakfeldt, J., Benson, V., … MacIntyre, G. (2017). Development of the citizens measure into a tool to guide clinical practice and its utility for case managers. American Journal of Psychiatric Rehabilitation, 20(3), 268–281.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Marshall, T. H. (1964). Class, citizenship and social development. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    De Tocqueville, A. (1994). Democracy in America. New York: Alfred Knopf.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Durkheim, E. (1933). Division of labor in society (G. Simpson, Trans., original French ea. 1893). New York: Free Press; London: Collier Macmillan.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Werbner, P., & Yuval-Davis, N. (1999). Women and the new discourse of citizenship. In N. Yuval-Davis & P. Werbner (Eds.), Women, citizenship and difference (pp. 1–31). New York: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mouffe, C. (2005). The return of the political. London: Verso Press.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lister, R. (1997). Dialectics of citizenship. Hypatia, 12(4), 6–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rowe, M., & Baranoski, M. (2011). Citizenship, mental illness, and the criminal justice system. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 34, 303–308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rowe, M., & Pelletier, J.-F. (2012). Citizenship: A response to the marginalization of people with mental illnesses. Journal of Forensic Psychology Practice, 12, 366–381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Atterbury, K., & Rowe, M. (2017). Community, mental health, and the common good. Behavioral Health Sciences & the Law, 35(4), 273–287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Rowe, M. (1999). Crossing the border: Encounters between homeless people and outreach workers. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    New Freedom Commission on Mental Health. (2003). Achieving the promise: Transforming mental health care in America. Executive summary (DHHS Publication No. SMA 03-3831). Rockville, MD: U.S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Adame, A. L., & Knudson, R. M. (2007). Beyond the counter-narrative: Exploring alternative narratives of recovery from the psychiatric survivor movement. Narrative Inquiry, 17(2), 157–178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Salekin, R. T. (2002). Psychopathy and therapeutic pessimism: Clinical lore or clinical reality? Clinical Psychology Review, 22(1), 79–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Rowe, M., & Davidson, L. (2016). Recovering citizenship. Israel Journal of Psychiatry, 53(1), 14–21.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Thompson, K. S., & Rowe, M. (2010). Social inclusion. Psychiatric Services, 61(8), 735.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ware, N. C., Hopper, K., Tugenberg, T., Dickey, B., & Fisher, D. (2008). A theory of social integration as quality of life. Psychiatric Services, 59(1), 27–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
  22. 22.
  23. 23.
    Davidson, L., & Ridgway, P. (2011). The community support movement and its demise (1997-1997). In M. Rowe, M. Lawless, K. Thompson, & L. Davidson (Eds.), Classics of community psychiatry: Fifty years of public mental health outside the hospital (pp. 225–234). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Goldman, H. H., & Morrissey, J. P. (1985). The alchemy of mental health policy: Homelessness and the fourth cycle of reform. American Journal of Public Health, 75(7), 727–731.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Culhane Associate Professor of Social Welfare Policy at the Center for Mental Health Policy and Services Research, University of Pennsylvania, D. P., Metraux, S., Senior Research Coordinator at the Center for Mental Health Policy and Services Research, University of Pennsylvania & Hadley, T. (2002). Professor of Psychology in Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania Public service reductions associated with placement of homeless persons with severe mental illness in supportive housing. Housing Policy Debate, 13(1), 107–163.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Morrissey, J. P., Calloway, M., Bartko, W. T., Ridgely, M. S., Goldman, H. H., & Paulson, R. I. (1994). Local mental health authorities and service system change: Evidence from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation program on chronic mental illness. The Milbank Quarterly, 72(1), 49–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Randolph, F. L. (1995). Improving systems through systems integration: The ACCESS program. American Rehabilitation, 21(1), 36–38.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Rowe, M., Bellamy, C., Baranoski, M., Wieland, M., O’Connell, M. J., Benedict, P., … Sells, D. (2007). A peer-support, group intervention to reduce alcohol use, drug use and criminality among persons with severe mental illness. Psychiatric Services, 58, 955–961.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Clayton, A., O’Connell, M. J., Bellamy, C., Benedict, P., & Rowe, M. (2013). The citizenship project part II: Impact of a citizenship intervention on clinical and community outcomes for persons with mental illness and criminal justice involvement. American Journal of Community Psychology, 51(1–2), 114–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Rowe, M., Clayton, A., Benedict, P., Bellamy, C., Antunes, K., Miller, R., … O’Connell, M. J. (2012). Going to the source: Citizenship outcome measure development. Psychiatric Services, 63(5), 445–450.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    O’Connell M., Clayton, A., & Rowe, M. (2016). Reliability and validity of a newly developed measure of citizenship among persons with mental illnesses. Community Mental Health Journal, 53(3), 367–374.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Harper, A., Clayton, A., Bailey, M., Foss-Kelly, L., & Rowe, M. (2015). Financial health and mental health: Making the connections. Psychiatric Services, 66(12), 1271–1276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Bromage, B., Kriegel, L., Williamson, B., Maclean, M., & Rowe, M. (2017). Project Connect: A community intervention for individuals with mental illness. American Journal of Psychiatric Rehabilitation, 20(3), 218–233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Stewart, A., Black, K., Benedict, P., & Benson, V. (2017). Constructing community to achieve citizenship using recognition theory, recovery, and citizenship as a reflective lens: Experiences from the United States and Scotland. American Journal of Psychiatric Rehabilitation, 20, 234–250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
  36. 36.
    Zuckeman, D. (1993). Reasonable accommodations for people with mental illness under the ADA. Mental and Physical Disability Law Reporter, 17(3), 311–320.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Davidson, L., O’Connell, M. J., Tondora, J., Lawless, M., & Evans, A. C. (2005). Recovery in serious mental illness: A new wine or just a new bottle? Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 36(5), 480–487.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
  39. 39.
  40. 40.
    Stefan, S. (2001). Unequal rights: Discrimination against people with mental disabilities and the Americans with Disabilities Act. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Rosenbaum, S. (2000). The Olmstead decision: Implications for state health policy. Health Affairs, 19(5), 228–232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Hess, D. R., & Novakowski, S. (2008). Unequal access: Neglecting the National Voter Registration Act, 1995–2007. Project Vote.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
  44. 44.
    Wallerstein, N., & Duran, B. (2006). Using community-based participatory research to address health disparities. Health Promotion Practice, 7, 312–323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Trochim, W., & Kane, M. (2005). Concept mapping: an introduction to structured conceptualization in health care. International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 17(3), 187–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Ponce, A. N., Clayton, A., Noia, J., Rowe, M., & O’Connell, M. J. (2012). Making meaning of citizenship: Mental illness, forensic involvement, and homelessness. Journal of Forensic Psychology Practice, 30, 349–365.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Ponce, A. N., Clayton, A., Gambino, M., & Rowe, M. (2016). Social and clinical dimensions of citizenship from the mental health-care provider perspective. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 39(2), 161.  https://doi.org/10.1037/prj0000194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Harper, A., & Rowe, M. (2014). Financial health and social recovery. Psychiatric Services, 6, 707.  https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ps.201300526.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Rowe, M., Benedict, P., & Falzer, P. (2003). Representation of the governed: Leadership building for people with behavioral health disorders who are homeless or were formerly homeless. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 26, 240–248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Harper, A., & Rowe, M. (2017). Environment-level strategies to support independent control of finances: A response to the social security review of financial capability determination review. Psychiatric Services, 68, 1–3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Rowe
    • 1
  • Allison N. Ponce
    • 1
  1. 1.Yale School of MedicineNew HavenUSA

Personalised recommendations